Background The asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) binds with high affinity factor VIII (FVIII) through its N -linked oligosaccharides. However, its contribution to the wide inter-individual variation of infused FVIII pharmacokinetics (PK) in hemophilia A (HA) is unknown. Objective To investigate the variability in FVIII PK outcomes in relation to genetic variation in the ASGR2, encoding the ASGPR2 subunit. Methods Thirty-two HA patients with FVIII:C ≤2 IU/dL underwent 66 single-dose FVIII PK studies. PK parameters were evaluated in relation to ASGR2 5′ untranslated region (5′UTR) polymorphisms, which were investigated by recombinant and white blood cell reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction approaches. Results The 5′UTR polymorphisms determine a frequent and conserved haplotype (HT1) in a regulatory region. The HT1 homozygotes may differ in the amounts of alternatively spliced mRNA transcripts and thus ASGPR2 isoforms. Compared with the other ASGR2 genotypes, the c.-95TT homozygotes (n = 9), showed threefold longer Alpha HL (3.60 hours, 95% confidence interval: 1.44-5.76, p = 0.006), and the c.-95TC heterozygotes (n = 17) showed 25% shorter mean residence time (MRT; 18.5 hours, 15.0-22.0, p = 0.038) and 32% shorter Beta HL (13.5 hours, 10.9-16.0, p = 0.016). These differences were confirmed in patients (n = 27) undergoing PK studies (n = 54) with full-length FVIII only. In different linear regression models, the contribution of the ASGR2 genotypes remained significant after adjustment by ABO genotypes and von Willebrand factor (VWF) antigen levels, and explained 14% (MRT), 15 to 18% (Beta HL), and 22% (Alpha HL) of parameter variability. Conclusions Infused FVIII distribution was modulated by frequent ASGR2 genotypes, independently from and together with ABO and VWF antigen levels, which has potential implications for genetically tailored substitutive treatment in HA.

The Asialoglycoprotein Receptor Minor Subunit Gene Contributes to Pharmacokinetics of Factor VIII Concentrates in Hemophilia A

Lunghi B.
Primo
;
Martinelli N.;Balestra D.;Branchini A.;Cervellera C. F.;Marchetti G.;Bernardi F.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background The asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) binds with high affinity factor VIII (FVIII) through its N -linked oligosaccharides. However, its contribution to the wide inter-individual variation of infused FVIII pharmacokinetics (PK) in hemophilia A (HA) is unknown. Objective To investigate the variability in FVIII PK outcomes in relation to genetic variation in the ASGR2, encoding the ASGPR2 subunit. Methods Thirty-two HA patients with FVIII:C ≤2 IU/dL underwent 66 single-dose FVIII PK studies. PK parameters were evaluated in relation to ASGR2 5′ untranslated region (5′UTR) polymorphisms, which were investigated by recombinant and white blood cell reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction approaches. Results The 5′UTR polymorphisms determine a frequent and conserved haplotype (HT1) in a regulatory region. The HT1 homozygotes may differ in the amounts of alternatively spliced mRNA transcripts and thus ASGPR2 isoforms. Compared with the other ASGR2 genotypes, the c.-95TT homozygotes (n = 9), showed threefold longer Alpha HL (3.60 hours, 95% confidence interval: 1.44-5.76, p = 0.006), and the c.-95TC heterozygotes (n = 17) showed 25% shorter mean residence time (MRT; 18.5 hours, 15.0-22.0, p = 0.038) and 32% shorter Beta HL (13.5 hours, 10.9-16.0, p = 0.016). These differences were confirmed in patients (n = 27) undergoing PK studies (n = 54) with full-length FVIII only. In different linear regression models, the contribution of the ASGR2 genotypes remained significant after adjustment by ABO genotypes and von Willebrand factor (VWF) antigen levels, and explained 14% (MRT), 15 to 18% (Beta HL), and 22% (Alpha HL) of parameter variability. Conclusions Infused FVIII distribution was modulated by frequent ASGR2 genotypes, independently from and together with ABO and VWF antigen levels, which has potential implications for genetically tailored substitutive treatment in HA.
2022
Lunghi, B.; Morfini, M.; Martinelli, N.; Balestra, D.; Linari, S.; Frusconi, S.; Branchini, A.; Cervellera, C. F.; Marchetti, G.; Castaman, G.; Bernardi, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2472062
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