Background: Combined vitamin K-dependent clotting factor (VKCF) deficiency type 2 (VKCFD2) is a rare bleeding disorder caused by mutated vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) gene. Methods and results: An Italian patient with moderate to severe bleeding tendency was genotyped, and found to be homozygous for the unique VKORC1 mutation (Arg98Trp) so far detected in VKCFD2. The activity levels of VKCFs were differentially reduced, and inversely related with the previously estimated affinity of procoagulant factor propeptides for the γ-carboxylase. The normal (factor IX) or reduced antigen levels (other VKCFs) produced a gradient in specific activities. Vitamin K supplementations resulted in reproducible, fast and sustained normalization of PT and APTT. At 24 hours the activity/antigen ratios of VKCFs were close to normal, and activity levels were completely (factor VII and IX), virtually (prothrombin, factor X and protein C) or partially (protein S) restored. Thrombin generation assays showed a markedly shortened lag time. The time to peak observed at low tissue factor concentration, potentially mimicking the physiological trigger and able to highlight the effect of reduced protein S levels, was shorter than that in pooled normal plasma. At 72 hours the thrombin generation times were normal, and the decrease in activity of procoagulant VKCFs was inversely related with their half-life in plasma. The improved coagulation phenotype permitted the uneventful clinical course after invasive diagnostic procedures. Conclusions: Modification of coagulation phenotypes in VKCFD2 after vitamin K supplementation was clinically beneficial, and provided valuable patterns of factor specific- biosynthesis, half-life and decay.

VITAMIN K-INDUCED MODIFICATION OF COAGULATION PHENOTYPE IN VKORC1 HOMOZYGOUS DEFICIENCY

MARCHETTI, Giovanna;CARUSO, Pierpaolo;LUNGHI, Barbara;PINOTTI, Mirko;CANELLA, Alessandro;BERNARDI, Francesco
2008

Abstract

Background: Combined vitamin K-dependent clotting factor (VKCF) deficiency type 2 (VKCFD2) is a rare bleeding disorder caused by mutated vitamin K 2,3-epoxide reductase complex subunit 1 (VKORC1) gene. Methods and results: An Italian patient with moderate to severe bleeding tendency was genotyped, and found to be homozygous for the unique VKORC1 mutation (Arg98Trp) so far detected in VKCFD2. The activity levels of VKCFs were differentially reduced, and inversely related with the previously estimated affinity of procoagulant factor propeptides for the γ-carboxylase. The normal (factor IX) or reduced antigen levels (other VKCFs) produced a gradient in specific activities. Vitamin K supplementations resulted in reproducible, fast and sustained normalization of PT and APTT. At 24 hours the activity/antigen ratios of VKCFs were close to normal, and activity levels were completely (factor VII and IX), virtually (prothrombin, factor X and protein C) or partially (protein S) restored. Thrombin generation assays showed a markedly shortened lag time. The time to peak observed at low tissue factor concentration, potentially mimicking the physiological trigger and able to highlight the effect of reduced protein S levels, was shorter than that in pooled normal plasma. At 72 hours the thrombin generation times were normal, and the decrease in activity of procoagulant VKCFs was inversely related with their half-life in plasma. The improved coagulation phenotype permitted the uneventful clinical course after invasive diagnostic procedures. Conclusions: Modification of coagulation phenotypes in VKCFD2 after vitamin K supplementation was clinically beneficial, and provided valuable patterns of factor specific- biosynthesis, half-life and decay.
Marchetti, Giovanna; Caruso, Pierpaolo; Lunghi, Barbara; Pinotti, Mirko; M., Lapecorella; M., Napolitano; Canella, Alessandro; G., Mariani; Bernardi, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/522959
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