The G2019S mutation in leucine rich-repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a major cause of familial Parkinson's disease. We previously reported that G2019S knock-in mice manifest dopamine transporter dysfunction and phosphoSerine129 alpha-synuclein (pSer129 alpha-syn) immunoreactivity elevation at 12 months of age, which might represent pathological events leading to neuronal degeneration. Here, the time-dependence of these changes was monitored in the striatum of 6, 9, 12, 18 and 23-month-old G2019S KI mice and wild-type controls using DA uptake assay, Western analysis and immunohistochemistry. Western analysis showed elevation of membrane dopamine transporter (DAT) levels at 9 and 12 months of age, along with a reduction of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) levels at 12 months. DAT uptake was abnormally elevated from 9 to up to 18 months. DAT and VMAT2 level changes were specific to the G2019S mutation since they were not observed in LRRK2 kinase-dead or knock-out mice. Nonetheless, dysfunctional DAT uptake was not normalized by acute pharmacological inhibition of LRRK2 kinase activity with MLi-2. Immunoblot analysis showed elevation of pSer129 alpha-syn levels in the striatum of 12-month-old G2019S KI mice, which, however, was not confirmed by immunohistochemical analysis. Instead, total alpha-syn immunoreactivity was found elevated in the striatum of 23-month-old LRRK2 knock-out mice. These data indicate mild changes in DA transporters and alpha-syn metabolism in the striatum of 12-month-old G2019S KI mice whose pathological relevance remains to be established.

Dopamine Transporter, PhosphoSerine129 α-Synuclein and α-Synuclein Levels in Aged LRRK2 G2019S Knock-In and Knock-Out Mice

Domenicale, Chiara
Co-primo
;
Mercatelli, Daniela
Co-primo
;
Albanese, Federica;Novello, Salvatore;Vincenzi, Fabrizio;Varani, Katia
Penultimo
;
Morari, Michele
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The G2019S mutation in leucine rich-repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a major cause of familial Parkinson's disease. We previously reported that G2019S knock-in mice manifest dopamine transporter dysfunction and phosphoSerine129 alpha-synuclein (pSer129 alpha-syn) immunoreactivity elevation at 12 months of age, which might represent pathological events leading to neuronal degeneration. Here, the time-dependence of these changes was monitored in the striatum of 6, 9, 12, 18 and 23-month-old G2019S KI mice and wild-type controls using DA uptake assay, Western analysis and immunohistochemistry. Western analysis showed elevation of membrane dopamine transporter (DAT) levels at 9 and 12 months of age, along with a reduction of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) levels at 12 months. DAT uptake was abnormally elevated from 9 to up to 18 months. DAT and VMAT2 level changes were specific to the G2019S mutation since they were not observed in LRRK2 kinase-dead or knock-out mice. Nonetheless, dysfunctional DAT uptake was not normalized by acute pharmacological inhibition of LRRK2 kinase activity with MLi-2. Immunoblot analysis showed elevation of pSer129 alpha-syn levels in the striatum of 12-month-old G2019S KI mice, which, however, was not confirmed by immunohistochemical analysis. Instead, total alpha-syn immunoreactivity was found elevated in the striatum of 23-month-old LRRK2 knock-out mice. These data indicate mild changes in DA transporters and alpha-syn metabolism in the striatum of 12-month-old G2019S KI mice whose pathological relevance remains to be established.
2022
Domenicale, Chiara; Mercatelli, Daniela; Albanese, Federica; Novello, Salvatore; Vincenzi, Fabrizio; Varani, Katia; Morari, Michele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2485555
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