The G2019S mutation of LRRK2 represents a risk factor for idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Here, we investigate whether LRRK2 kinase activity regulates susceptibility to the environmental toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). G2019S knock-in mice (bearing enhanced kinase activity) showed greater nigro-striatal degeneration compared to LRRK2 knock-out, LRRK2 kinase-dead and wild-type mice following subacute MPTP treatment. LRRK2 kinase inhibitors PF-06447475 and MLi-2, tested under preventive or therapeutic treatments, protected against nigral dopamine cell loss in G2019S knock-in mice. MLi-2 also rescued striatal dopaminergic terminal degeneration in both G2019S knock-in and wild-type mice. Immunoblot analysis of LRRK2 Serine935 phosphorylation levels confirmed target engagement of LRRK2 inhibitors. However, MLi-2 abolished phosphoSerine935 levels in the striatum and midbrain of both wild-type and G2019S knock-in mice whereas PF-06447475 partly reduced phosphoSerine935 levels in the midbrain of both genotypes. In vivo and ex vivo uptake of the 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) ligand [18F]-VC701 revealed a similar TSPO binding in MPTP-treated wild-type and G2019S knock-in mice which was consistent with an increased GFAP striatal expression as revealed by Real Time PCR. We conclude that LRRK2 G2019S, likely through enhanced kinase activity, confers greater susceptibility to mitochondrial toxin-induced parkinsonism. LRRK2 kinase inhibitors are neuroprotective in this model.

In vivo susceptibility to energy failure parkinsonism and LRRK2 kinase activity

Novello S.
Primo
;
Mercatelli D.;Albanese F.;Domenicale C.;Brugnoli A.;D'Aversa E.;Vantaggiato S.;Borgatti M.;Morari M.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

The G2019S mutation of LRRK2 represents a risk factor for idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Here, we investigate whether LRRK2 kinase activity regulates susceptibility to the environmental toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). G2019S knock-in mice (bearing enhanced kinase activity) showed greater nigro-striatal degeneration compared to LRRK2 knock-out, LRRK2 kinase-dead and wild-type mice following subacute MPTP treatment. LRRK2 kinase inhibitors PF-06447475 and MLi-2, tested under preventive or therapeutic treatments, protected against nigral dopamine cell loss in G2019S knock-in mice. MLi-2 also rescued striatal dopaminergic terminal degeneration in both G2019S knock-in and wild-type mice. Immunoblot analysis of LRRK2 Serine935 phosphorylation levels confirmed target engagement of LRRK2 inhibitors. However, MLi-2 abolished phosphoSerine935 levels in the striatum and midbrain of both wild-type and G2019S knock-in mice whereas PF-06447475 partly reduced phosphoSerine935 levels in the midbrain of both genotypes. In vivo and ex vivo uptake of the 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO) ligand [18F]-VC701 revealed a similar TSPO binding in MPTP-treated wild-type and G2019S knock-in mice which was consistent with an increased GFAP striatal expression as revealed by Real Time PCR. We conclude that LRRK2 G2019S, likely through enhanced kinase activity, confers greater susceptibility to mitochondrial toxin-induced parkinsonism. LRRK2 kinase inhibitors are neuroprotective in this model.
2022
Novello, S.; Mercatelli, D.; Albanese, F.; Domenicale, C.; Brugnoli, A.; D'Aversa, E.; Vantaggiato, S.; Dovero, S.; Murtaj, V.; Presotto, L.; Borgatti, M.; Shimshek, D. R.; Bezard, E.; Moresco, R. M.; Belloli, S.; Morari, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2472080
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