Compared to the traditional synthetic fibrous materials, natural fibres represent sustainable solution to be used either in building construction and noise control engineering and acoustic treatments. Natural fibres are mainly employed in the building industry for their hygrothermal properties, however the possibility to also use them for acoustic purposes would greatly increase their appeal to the market. While synthetic fibres have been studied for almost fifty years, the knowledge of natural fibres is still limited and needs to be expanded. Natural fibres are affected by a large variability of the physical properties, which consequently causes great uncertainty in numerical modelling and difficulties during the design process of acoustics treatments. This study highlights the possibility to enhance the acoustic performance of hemp fibrous materials through the manufacturing process, investigating how each treatments affects the material's physical characteristics and its sound absorption coefficient. Moreover, a simplified model to evaluate the acoustic performance of hemp fibrous materials as a function of their density is proposed, in order to provide a practical tool to investigate and compare different solutions. The physical parameters numerically evaluated for a varying compression rate have been compared with the experimental results, measured at each stage of the production process on samples with a different density and thickness. The global reliability of the proposed approach is finally investigated by comparing the experimental sound absorption for normal incidence with the results obtained from the Johnson-Champoux-Allard model. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Improving the sound absorption performance of sustainable thermal insulation materials: Natural hemp fibres

Santoni A.
Primo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Bonfiglio P.
Secondo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Fausti P.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Marescotti C.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Mazzanti V.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Mollica F.
Penultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pompoli F.
Ultimo
Membro del Collaboration Group
2019

Abstract

Compared to the traditional synthetic fibrous materials, natural fibres represent sustainable solution to be used either in building construction and noise control engineering and acoustic treatments. Natural fibres are mainly employed in the building industry for their hygrothermal properties, however the possibility to also use them for acoustic purposes would greatly increase their appeal to the market. While synthetic fibres have been studied for almost fifty years, the knowledge of natural fibres is still limited and needs to be expanded. Natural fibres are affected by a large variability of the physical properties, which consequently causes great uncertainty in numerical modelling and difficulties during the design process of acoustics treatments. This study highlights the possibility to enhance the acoustic performance of hemp fibrous materials through the manufacturing process, investigating how each treatments affects the material's physical characteristics and its sound absorption coefficient. Moreover, a simplified model to evaluate the acoustic performance of hemp fibrous materials as a function of their density is proposed, in order to provide a practical tool to investigate and compare different solutions. The physical parameters numerically evaluated for a varying compression rate have been compared with the experimental results, measured at each stage of the production process on samples with a different density and thickness. The global reliability of the proposed approach is finally investigated by comparing the experimental sound absorption for normal incidence with the results obtained from the Johnson-Champoux-Allard model. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
2019
Santoni, A.; Bonfiglio, P.; Fausti, P.; Marescotti, C.; Mazzanti, V.; Mollica, F.; Pompoli, F.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0003682X19301343-main.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Full text (versione editoriale)
Licenza: NON PUBBLICO - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 1.68 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.68 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
11392_2406705_Postprint_Mazzanti.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Pre-print
Licenza: PUBBLICO - Pubblico con Copyright
Dimensione 4.48 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.48 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
11392_2406705_POST_FAUSTI.pdf

Open Access dal 01/03/2021

Tipologia: Post-print
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 4.53 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.53 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in SFERA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2406705
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 75
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 61
social impact