Subtelomeric rearrangements are a common cause of idiopathic mental retardation (MR) accounting for 6.3-10.2\% of moderate to severe cases and less than 1\% of mildly retarded patients. We report on a cohort of 219 patients with idiopathic MR and normal 400-550 band karyotype screened for subtelomeric rearrangements by multiprobe Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in three Italian Genetics Centers. Twelve positive cases (5.5\%) were found. Six were de novo deletions (1p, 7p, 9p, 9q, 20p, 22q) and four unbalanced translocations [a der(6)t(6q; 18p) and a der(18)t(8p; 18q) both de novo, a der(12)t(12p; 17q)mat and a der(2)t(2q; 17q) of unknown origin]. The remaining two cases were apparently balanced reciprocal translocations [a t(4p; 18q) and a t(1p; 16p)] of undetermined origin whose role in the pathogenesis of the clinical phenotype is doubtful. Dysmorphic features were present in all unbalanced patients, whilst a family history of MR was present in only four of them. The proposition that subtelomeric rearrangements are a significant cause of idiopathic MR is supported by our survey. Collection of the clinical data of positive patients will help to delineate the phenotype associated with the various subtelomeric abnormalities, to tailor healthcare services to the needs of these patients and their families and to determine the appropriate use of the test.

FISH screening for subtelomeric rearrangements in 219 patients with idiopathic mental retardation and normal karyotype.

SENSI, Alberto;AIELLO, Vincenzo;CALZOLARI, Elisa
2005

Abstract

Subtelomeric rearrangements are a common cause of idiopathic mental retardation (MR) accounting for 6.3-10.2\% of moderate to severe cases and less than 1\% of mildly retarded patients. We report on a cohort of 219 patients with idiopathic MR and normal 400-550 band karyotype screened for subtelomeric rearrangements by multiprobe Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in three Italian Genetics Centers. Twelve positive cases (5.5\%) were found. Six were de novo deletions (1p, 7p, 9p, 9q, 20p, 22q) and four unbalanced translocations [a der(6)t(6q; 18p) and a der(18)t(8p; 18q) both de novo, a der(12)t(12p; 17q)mat and a der(2)t(2q; 17q) of unknown origin]. The remaining two cases were apparently balanced reciprocal translocations [a t(4p; 18q) and a t(1p; 16p)] of undetermined origin whose role in the pathogenesis of the clinical phenotype is doubtful. Dysmorphic features were present in all unbalanced patients, whilst a family history of MR was present in only four of them. The proposition that subtelomeric rearrangements are a significant cause of idiopathic MR is supported by our survey. Collection of the clinical data of positive patients will help to delineate the phenotype associated with the various subtelomeric abnormalities, to tailor healthcare services to the needs of these patients and their families and to determine the appropriate use of the test.
Anna, Baroncini; Francesca, Rivieri; Antonella, Capucci; Gianfranco, Croci; Fabrizia, Franchi; Sensi, Alberto; Paola, Battaglia; Aiello, Vincenzo; Calzolari, Elisa
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/522660
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 8
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 15
social impact