The interaction of alpha-actinin from chicken gizzard with F-actin is quite complex. The apparent dissociation constant, C, increases with the increase of actin concentration according to the following expression: C = Ko + a[actin] - c[actin]5/2. At pH 7.5 and 37 degrees C, in the presence of 0.1 M KCl and 2 mM MgCl2, the dissociation constant at infinite actin dilution, Ko, is 2.17 microM. The binding of alpha-actinin to actin is related by the term a[actin] to the diffusion of actin filaments and by the term c[actin]5/2 to the crossing number concentration of the F-actin network. Especially at low actin concentration, the binding of alpha-actinin to actin is increased by gelsolin, which fragments actin filaments and increases their diffusion. The different binding isotherms of alpha-actinin to actin filaments and to actin bundles are discussed.

DIFFUSION HINDRANCE AND GEOMETRY OF FILAMENT CROSSINGS ACCOUNT FOR THE COMPLEX INTERACTIONS OF F-ACTIN WITH ALPHA-ACTININ FROM CHICKEN GIZZARD

GRAZI, Enrico;MAGRI, Ermes;SCHWIENBACHER, Christine;TROMBETTA, Giorgio
1993

Abstract

The interaction of alpha-actinin from chicken gizzard with F-actin is quite complex. The apparent dissociation constant, C, increases with the increase of actin concentration according to the following expression: C = Ko + a[actin] - c[actin]5/2. At pH 7.5 and 37 degrees C, in the presence of 0.1 M KCl and 2 mM MgCl2, the dissociation constant at infinite actin dilution, Ko, is 2.17 microM. The binding of alpha-actinin to actin is related by the term a[actin] to the diffusion of actin filaments and by the term c[actin]5/2 to the crossing number concentration of the F-actin network. Especially at low actin concentration, the binding of alpha-actinin to actin is increased by gelsolin, which fragments actin filaments and increases their diffusion. The different binding isotherms of alpha-actinin to actin filaments and to actin bundles are discussed.
Grazi, Enrico; P., Cuneo; Magri, Ermes; Schwienbacher, Christine; Trombetta, Giorgio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/463086
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