The extended use of ambulatory monitoring has permitted the identification of many conditions in which the circadian rhythm of blood pressure is altered. The common denominator seems to be an impairment of the autonomic nervous system function. We examined whether the circadian blood pressure rhythm is altered in chronic renal failure (where autonomic dysfunction is usually present) by using a standardized chronobiological inferential statistical method in hospitalized subjects. For this purpose, a group of 30 non-hemodialysis hypertensive patients with chronic renal failure was compared with a second group of 30 patients affected by uncomplicated mild-to-moderate essential hypertension. The two groups were matched by age, sex and circadian mesors of blood pressure. Diet, meal times, sleep, and activity logs were standardized. Blood pressure and heart rate recordings were obtained by using an automatic oscillometric recorder and subsequently analyzed according to the cosinor method. A mean circadian rhythm of blood pressure was documented in both groups, but while the mean acrophases occurred between 2 and 3 p.m. in essential hypertension, in renal failure they were between 11 p.m. and midnight for blood pressure and around 7 p.m. for heart rate. In addition, the mean circadian amplitudes were significantly lower in renal failure, while the mean circadian mesor of heart rate was significantly higher. Our data demonstrate that the circadian rhythms of blood pressure and heart rate are altered also in hypertension due to chronic renal failure.

Altered circadian rhythms of blood pressure and heart rate in non-hemodialysis chronic renal failure

PORTALUPPI, Francesco;
1990

Abstract

The extended use of ambulatory monitoring has permitted the identification of many conditions in which the circadian rhythm of blood pressure is altered. The common denominator seems to be an impairment of the autonomic nervous system function. We examined whether the circadian blood pressure rhythm is altered in chronic renal failure (where autonomic dysfunction is usually present) by using a standardized chronobiological inferential statistical method in hospitalized subjects. For this purpose, a group of 30 non-hemodialysis hypertensive patients with chronic renal failure was compared with a second group of 30 patients affected by uncomplicated mild-to-moderate essential hypertension. The two groups were matched by age, sex and circadian mesors of blood pressure. Diet, meal times, sleep, and activity logs were standardized. Blood pressure and heart rate recordings were obtained by using an automatic oscillometric recorder and subsequently analyzed according to the cosinor method. A mean circadian rhythm of blood pressure was documented in both groups, but while the mean acrophases occurred between 2 and 3 p.m. in essential hypertension, in renal failure they were between 11 p.m. and midnight for blood pressure and around 7 p.m. for heart rate. In addition, the mean circadian amplitudes were significantly lower in renal failure, while the mean circadian mesor of heart rate was significantly higher. Our data demonstrate that the circadian rhythms of blood pressure and heart rate are altered also in hypertension due to chronic renal failure.
Portaluppi, Francesco; L., Montanari; M., Ferlini; P., Gilli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/462689
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