BK virus (BKV) is a human papovavirus that readily transforms rodent cells, but not human cells, to a neoplastic phenotype, suggesting that tumor-suppressor functions expressed in human cells control BKV oncogenicity. Transfer of a normal human chromosome 11 to BKV-transformed mouse cells suppresses the malignant phenotype. In this report we map the regions of chromosome 11 involved in tumor suppression. Transfer of chromosome 11 to the BKV-transformed hamster cell line HKBK produces monochromosomic hybrids retaining only portions of the transferred human chromosome. We have compared the tumorigenicity of the hybrids with the molecular mapping of chromosome 11 retained regions. This analysis indicated that 3 regions of human chromosome 11, 11p15.5, 11p13 and 11q13, cooperate in tumor suppression. However, 11q13 seems the most important, since all the HKBK/H11-induced tumors analysed had lost this region, whereas 11p15.5 and 11p13 were sometimes retained. The chromosomal regions identified in this study are deleted in several types of human tumors, suggesting that the BKV transformation system specifically detects tumor-suppressor genes on chromosome 11 that are involved in human oncogenesis. This model may be of use in isolating and cloning such genes. The results of this report raise the possibility that BKV may have a synergistic tumorigenic effect in human cells where tumor-suppressor genes controlling its oncogenic potential are inactivated.

Multiple loci on human chromosome 11 control tumorigenicity of BK virus transformed cells

SABBIONI, Silvia;NEGRINI, Massimo;CORALLINI, Alfredo;SENSI, Alberto;BARBANTI BRODANO, Giuseppe
1994

Abstract

BK virus (BKV) is a human papovavirus that readily transforms rodent cells, but not human cells, to a neoplastic phenotype, suggesting that tumor-suppressor functions expressed in human cells control BKV oncogenicity. Transfer of a normal human chromosome 11 to BKV-transformed mouse cells suppresses the malignant phenotype. In this report we map the regions of chromosome 11 involved in tumor suppression. Transfer of chromosome 11 to the BKV-transformed hamster cell line HKBK produces monochromosomic hybrids retaining only portions of the transferred human chromosome. We have compared the tumorigenicity of the hybrids with the molecular mapping of chromosome 11 retained regions. This analysis indicated that 3 regions of human chromosome 11, 11p15.5, 11p13 and 11q13, cooperate in tumor suppression. However, 11q13 seems the most important, since all the HKBK/H11-induced tumors analysed had lost this region, whereas 11p15.5 and 11p13 were sometimes retained. The chromosomal regions identified in this study are deleted in several types of human tumors, suggesting that the BKV transformation system specifically detects tumor-suppressor genes on chromosome 11 that are involved in human oncogenesis. This model may be of use in isolating and cloning such genes. The results of this report raise the possibility that BKV may have a synergistic tumorigenic effect in human cells where tumor-suppressor genes controlling its oncogenic potential are inactivated.
1994
Sabbioni, Silvia; Negrini, Massimo; Possati, L.; Bonfatti, A.; Corallini, Alfredo; Sensi, Alberto; Stanbridge, E. J.; BARBANTI BRODANO, Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/462383
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