In crystal structures of melatonin MT1 and MT2 receptors, a lipophilic subpocket has been characterized which accommodates the phenyl ring of the potent agonist 2-phenylmelatonin. This subpocket appears a key structural element to achieve high binding affinity and selectivity for the MT2 receptor. A series of 2-arylindole ligands was synthesized to probe the requirements for the optimal occupation and interaction with the 2-phenyl binding pocket. Thermodynamic integration simulations applied to MT1 and MT2 receptors in complex with the α-naphthyl derivative provided a rationale for the MT2-selectivity and investigation on the binding mode of a couple of atropisomers allowed to define the available space and arrangement of substituents inside the subpocket. Interestingly, more hydrophilic 2-aza-substituted compounds displayed high binding affinity and molecular dynamics simulations highlighted polar interaction with residues from the subpocket that could be responsible for their potency.

2-Arylmelatonin analogues: Probing the 2-phenyl binding pocket of melatonin MT1 and MT2 receptors

Vincenzi, Fabrizio;Varani, Katia;
2022

Abstract

In crystal structures of melatonin MT1 and MT2 receptors, a lipophilic subpocket has been characterized which accommodates the phenyl ring of the potent agonist 2-phenylmelatonin. This subpocket appears a key structural element to achieve high binding affinity and selectivity for the MT2 receptor. A series of 2-arylindole ligands was synthesized to probe the requirements for the optimal occupation and interaction with the 2-phenyl binding pocket. Thermodynamic integration simulations applied to MT1 and MT2 receptors in complex with the α-naphthyl derivative provided a rationale for the MT2-selectivity and investigation on the binding mode of a couple of atropisomers allowed to define the available space and arrangement of substituents inside the subpocket. Interestingly, more hydrophilic 2-aza-substituted compounds displayed high binding affinity and molecular dynamics simulations highlighted polar interaction with residues from the subpocket that could be responsible for their potency.
Mari, Michele; Elisi, Gian Marco; Bedini, Annalida; Lucarini, Simone; Retini, Michele; Lucini, Valeria; Scaglione, Francesco; Vincenzi, Fabrizio; Varani, Katia; Castelli, Riccardo; Mor, Marco; Rivara, Silvia; Spadoni, Gilberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2497752
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