The political and environmental problems related to the massive use of fossil fuels prompted researchers to develop alternative strategies to obtain green and renewable fuels such as hydrogen. The light-driven water splitting process (i.e., the photochemical decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen) is one of the most investigated strategies to achieve this goal. However, the water oxidation reaction still constitutes a formidable challenge because of its kinetic and thermodynamic requirements. Recent research efforts have been focused on the exploration of alternative and more favorable oxidation processes, such as the oxidation of organic substrates, to obtain value-added products in addition to solar fuels. In this mini-review, some of the most intriguing and recent results are presented. In particular, attention is directed on hybrid photoanodes comprising molecular light-absorbing moieties (sensitizers) and catalysts grafted onto either mesoporous semiconductors or conductors. Such systems have been exploited so far for the photoelectrochemical oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes in the presence of suitable co-catalysts. Challenges and future perspectives are also briefly discussed, with special focus on the application of such hybrid molecular-based systems to more challenging reactions, such as the activation of C–H bonds.

Beyond Water Oxidation: Hybrid, Molecular-Based Photoanodes for the Production of Value-Added Organics

Mirco Natali
Primo
;
2022

Abstract

The political and environmental problems related to the massive use of fossil fuels prompted researchers to develop alternative strategies to obtain green and renewable fuels such as hydrogen. The light-driven water splitting process (i.e., the photochemical decomposition of water into hydrogen and oxygen) is one of the most investigated strategies to achieve this goal. However, the water oxidation reaction still constitutes a formidable challenge because of its kinetic and thermodynamic requirements. Recent research efforts have been focused on the exploration of alternative and more favorable oxidation processes, such as the oxidation of organic substrates, to obtain value-added products in addition to solar fuels. In this mini-review, some of the most intriguing and recent results are presented. In particular, attention is directed on hybrid photoanodes comprising molecular light-absorbing moieties (sensitizers) and catalysts grafted onto either mesoporous semiconductors or conductors. Such systems have been exploited so far for the photoelectrochemical oxidation of alcohols to aldehydes in the presence of suitable co-catalysts. Challenges and future perspectives are also briefly discussed, with special focus on the application of such hybrid molecular-based systems to more challenging reactions, such as the activation of C–H bonds.
Natali, Mirco; Sartorel, Andrea; Ruggi, Albert
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2491454
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