BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between physical activity habits, physical performance and cognitive capacity in older adults' population of Italy and Slovenia. METHODS: Anthropometric characteristics and body composition bioelectrical impedance analysis were evaluated in 892 older adults (60-80 y). Aerobic capacity was measured using the 2-km walk test and handgrip and flexibility tests were performed. Physical activity habits and cognitive functions were evaluated by the Global-Physical-Activity-Questionnaires (GPAQ) and by Montreal-Cognitive-Assessment (MoCA) questionnaires, respectively. RESULTS: GPAQ scores were associated with lower BMI(r=-0.096; P=0.005), lower percentage of fat-mass (r=-0.138; P=0.001), better results in the 2-km walk test (r=-0.175; P=0.001) and a higher percentage of fat-free mass (r=0.138; P=0.001). We also evaluated that a higher MoCAScore correlates with age (r=-0.208; P=0.001), 2-km walk test (r=-0.166; P=0.001), waist-hip ratio (r=-0.200; P=0.001), resting heart-rate (r=- 0.087; P=0.025) and heart-rate at the end of 2-km walk test (r=0.189; P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Older adults with a higher level of daily physical activity showed reduction in fat-mass and BMI, and higher aerobic fitness; these characteristics have a protection effect on cognitive function.

Physical capacities and leisure activities are related with cognitive functions in older adults

D'AMURI A.;BROMBO G.;DALLA NORA E.;PASSARO A.
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between physical activity habits, physical performance and cognitive capacity in older adults' population of Italy and Slovenia. METHODS: Anthropometric characteristics and body composition bioelectrical impedance analysis were evaluated in 892 older adults (60-80 y). Aerobic capacity was measured using the 2-km walk test and handgrip and flexibility tests were performed. Physical activity habits and cognitive functions were evaluated by the Global-Physical-Activity-Questionnaires (GPAQ) and by Montreal-Cognitive-Assessment (MoCA) questionnaires, respectively. RESULTS: GPAQ scores were associated with lower BMI(r=-0.096; P=0.005), lower percentage of fat-mass (r=-0.138; P=0.001), better results in the 2-km walk test (r=-0.175; P=0.001) and a higher percentage of fat-free mass (r=0.138; P=0.001). We also evaluated that a higher MoCAScore correlates with age (r=-0.208; P=0.001), 2-km walk test (r=-0.166; P=0.001), waist-hip ratio (r=-0.200; P=0.001), resting heart-rate (r=- 0.087; P=0.025) and heart-rate at the end of 2-km walk test (r=0.189; P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Older adults with a higher level of daily physical activity showed reduction in fat-mass and BMI, and higher aerobic fitness; these characteristics have a protection effect on cognitive function.
2022
Gonnelli, F.; Giovanelli, N.; Floreani, M.; Bravo, G.; Parpinel, M.; D'Amuri, A.; Brombo, G.; DALLA NORA, E.; Pisot, R.; Simunic, B.; Pisot, S.; Biolo, G.; di GIROLAMO, F. G.; Situlin, R.; Passaro, A.; Lazzer, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2482789
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