Objective: This study aims to evaluate success factors implicated in clinical orthodontic miniscrew stability after their interradicular placement in maxilla. Materials and methods: Six hundred seventy-six miniscrews were inserted in maxillary interradicular sites in a sample of 276 patients (109 males and 167 females; mean age 19 ± 1.7 years) and immediately loaded. Percentage failure rate was recorded, and the influence of the following factors was investigated: structural (miniscrew length, diameter and body shape), operative (side of insertion site, pilot hole drilling or not) and biological (maximal insertion torque [MIT] and type of gingiva). A chi-square test with Monte Carlo correction was performed to detect the influence of these variables on the failure rate of orthodontic miniscrews. Then both multivariate logistic regression and post hoc analysis were performed, followed by classification and regression tree (CART) analysis. Results: The average success rate was 88%. The principal factors implicated in the failure rate were miniscrew length, MIT values and type of gingiva. Specifically, 8 mm miniscrew length, alveolar mucosa and 5–10 Ncm MIT values were linked to higher failure rates. According to CART, the main variable influencing failure is miniscrew length (≤ 8 mm for higher failure rates). For others, MIT values of 5–10 Ncm are linked to higher failure rates (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Orthodontic miniscrews inserted in the maxilla display good success rates. However, clinicians should be discouraged from using miniscrews of length ≤ 8 mm and MIT values < 10 Ncm, even with longer miniscrews. Clinical relevance: Information about factors related to failure rate of miniscrews placed at posterior maxillary interradicular sites is given. ©️ 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Analysis of biological and structural factors implicated in the clinical success of orthodontic miniscrews at posterior maxillary interradicular sites

Palone Mario
;
Siciliani Giuseppe;Lombardo Luca
2021

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to evaluate success factors implicated in clinical orthodontic miniscrew stability after their interradicular placement in maxilla. Materials and methods: Six hundred seventy-six miniscrews were inserted in maxillary interradicular sites in a sample of 276 patients (109 males and 167 females; mean age 19 ± 1.7 years) and immediately loaded. Percentage failure rate was recorded, and the influence of the following factors was investigated: structural (miniscrew length, diameter and body shape), operative (side of insertion site, pilot hole drilling or not) and biological (maximal insertion torque [MIT] and type of gingiva). A chi-square test with Monte Carlo correction was performed to detect the influence of these variables on the failure rate of orthodontic miniscrews. Then both multivariate logistic regression and post hoc analysis were performed, followed by classification and regression tree (CART) analysis. Results: The average success rate was 88%. The principal factors implicated in the failure rate were miniscrew length, MIT values and type of gingiva. Specifically, 8 mm miniscrew length, alveolar mucosa and 5–10 Ncm MIT values were linked to higher failure rates. According to CART, the main variable influencing failure is miniscrew length (≤ 8 mm for higher failure rates). For others, MIT values of 5–10 Ncm are linked to higher failure rates (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Orthodontic miniscrews inserted in the maxilla display good success rates. However, clinicians should be discouraged from using miniscrews of length ≤ 8 mm and MIT values < 10 Ncm, even with longer miniscrews. Clinical relevance: Information about factors related to failure rate of miniscrews placed at posterior maxillary interradicular sites is given. ©️ 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.
Palone, Mario; Darsie, Antonio; Maino, G. B.; Siciliani, Giuseppe; Spedicato, G. A.; Lombardo, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2478681
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