Basal expression of the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) improves mitochondrial metabolism, Adenosine 50-triphosphate (ATP) synthesis, and overall fitness of immune and non-immune cells. We investigated P2X7R contribution to energy metabolism and subcellular localization in fibroblasts (mouse embryo fibroblasts and HEK293 human fibroblasts), mouse microglia (primary brain microglia, and the N13 microglia cell line), and heart tissue. The P2X7R localizes to mitochondria, and its lack (1) decreases basal respiratory rate, ATP-coupled respiration, maximal uncoupled respiration, resting mitochondrial potential, mitochondrial matrix Ca2+ level, (2) modifies expression pattern of oxidative phosphorylation enzymes, and (3) severely affects cardiac performance. Hearts from P2rx7-deleted versus wild-type mice are larger, heart mitochondria smaller, and stroke volume, ejection fraction, fractional shortening, and cardiac output, are significantly decreased. Accordingly, the physical fitness of P2X7R-null mice is severely reduced. Thus, the P2X7R is a key modulator of mitochondrial energy metabolism and a determinant of physical fitness.

Mitochondrial P2X7 Receptor Localization Modulates Energy Metabolism Enhancing Physical Performance

Sarti, Alba Clara
Primo
;
Vultaggio-Poma, Valentina
Secondo
;
Falzoni, Simonetta;Missiroli, Sonia;Giuliani, Anna Lisa;Boldrini, Paola;Bonora, Massimo;Solini, Anna;Novello, Salvatore;Morari, Michele;Rossato, Marco;Wieckowski, Mariusz R;Giorgi, Carlotta;Pinton, Paolo
Penultimo
;
Di Virgilio, Francesco
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Basal expression of the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) improves mitochondrial metabolism, Adenosine 50-triphosphate (ATP) synthesis, and overall fitness of immune and non-immune cells. We investigated P2X7R contribution to energy metabolism and subcellular localization in fibroblasts (mouse embryo fibroblasts and HEK293 human fibroblasts), mouse microglia (primary brain microglia, and the N13 microglia cell line), and heart tissue. The P2X7R localizes to mitochondria, and its lack (1) decreases basal respiratory rate, ATP-coupled respiration, maximal uncoupled respiration, resting mitochondrial potential, mitochondrial matrix Ca2+ level, (2) modifies expression pattern of oxidative phosphorylation enzymes, and (3) severely affects cardiac performance. Hearts from P2rx7-deleted versus wild-type mice are larger, heart mitochondria smaller, and stroke volume, ejection fraction, fractional shortening, and cardiac output, are significantly decreased. Accordingly, the physical fitness of P2X7R-null mice is severely reduced. Thus, the P2X7R is a key modulator of mitochondrial energy metabolism and a determinant of physical fitness.
2021
Sarti, Alba Clara; Vultaggio-Poma, Valentina; Falzoni, Simonetta; Missiroli, Sonia; Giuliani, Anna Lisa; Boldrini, Paola; Bonora, Massimo; Faita, Francesco; Di Lascio, Nicole; Kusmic, Claudia; Solini, Anna; Novello, Salvatore; Morari, Michele; Rossato, Marco; Wieckowski, Mariusz R; Giorgi, Carlotta; Pinton, Paolo; Di Virgilio, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2472690
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