‘Multidrug resistance’ (MDR) is a difficult challenge for cancer treatment. The combined role of cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) and active efflux transporters (AETs) in cancer cells appears relevant in inducing MDR. Chemotherapeutic drugs can be substrates of both CYPs and AETs and CYP inducers or inhibitors can produce the same effects on AETs. In addition, a small subpopulation of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) appears to survive conventional chemotherapy, leading to recurrent disease. Natural products appear efficacious against CSCs; their combinational treatments with standard chemotherapy are promising for cancer eradication, in particular when supported by nanotechnologies.

Cancer stem cells and nanomedicine: new opportunities to combat multidrug resistance?

Dalpiaz A.
Primo
;
Paganetto G.
Secondo
;
Botti G.
Penultimo
;
Pavan B.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

‘Multidrug resistance’ (MDR) is a difficult challenge for cancer treatment. The combined role of cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) and active efflux transporters (AETs) in cancer cells appears relevant in inducing MDR. Chemotherapeutic drugs can be substrates of both CYPs and AETs and CYP inducers or inhibitors can produce the same effects on AETs. In addition, a small subpopulation of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) appears to survive conventional chemotherapy, leading to recurrent disease. Natural products appear efficacious against CSCs; their combinational treatments with standard chemotherapy are promising for cancer eradication, in particular when supported by nanotechnologies.
2020
Dalpiaz, A.; Paganetto, G.; Botti, G.; Pavan, B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2426473
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