This study examines the influence of an early lateral reflection on spatial perceptual attributes and speech reception. To this aim, a diffuse reflection is compared with a specular one. Although diffusive surfaces have widespread applications in room acoustics design, the knowledge of the perceptual and behavioral outcomes of these surfaces has yet to be fully developed. Two experiments were conducted to investigate how the reflection type, its temporal delay, and its azimuth affect spatial percepts (source distance, width, and focus) and speech intelligibility (SI) in diffuse stationary noise. The experimental setup included ecological elements: field measurements, a speaker-like source directivity, and real flat and diffusive surfaces. The results indicate that the presence of a single diffuse reflection reduces the perceived distance of a frontal speech source and makes it clearer. SI is higher with a diffuse reflection than with a specular one. Perceptual and behavioral outcomes both depend on the angle of reflection given the frequency- and angular-dependent properties of the diffusing surface and the directivity of the speech source. The results are interpreted with reference to loudness and binaural cues and to the precedence effect. Implications of the findings for acoustic design are also discussed.

Effect of a single lateral diffuse reflection on spatial percepts and speech intelligibility

Visentin C.
Primo
;
Pellegatti M.
Secondo
;
Prodi N.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

This study examines the influence of an early lateral reflection on spatial perceptual attributes and speech reception. To this aim, a diffuse reflection is compared with a specular one. Although diffusive surfaces have widespread applications in room acoustics design, the knowledge of the perceptual and behavioral outcomes of these surfaces has yet to be fully developed. Two experiments were conducted to investigate how the reflection type, its temporal delay, and its azimuth affect spatial percepts (source distance, width, and focus) and speech intelligibility (SI) in diffuse stationary noise. The experimental setup included ecological elements: field measurements, a speaker-like source directivity, and real flat and diffusive surfaces. The results indicate that the presence of a single diffuse reflection reduces the perceived distance of a frontal speech source and makes it clearer. SI is higher with a diffuse reflection than with a specular one. Perceptual and behavioral outcomes both depend on the angle of reflection given the frequency- and angular-dependent properties of the diffusing surface and the directivity of the speech source. The results are interpreted with reference to loudness and binaural cues and to the precedence effect. Implications of the findings for acoustic design are also discussed.
Visentin, C.; Pellegatti, M.; Prodi, N.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2421987
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