Aim of this paper is to investigate the presence of White Matter Lesions (WMLs) in subjects affected by Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) and possibly to evaluate the significance of WMLs in SSNHL patients.A total of 64 patients (cases) affected by SSNHL were included in this case-control study. Hearing tests were performed at SSNHL onset, after 7 days and after 30 days. Cerebral MRI sequences were performed to rule out retrocochlear pathology, and WMLs were evaluated if present. MRI control group included 32 subjects, without hearing loss, affected by pituitary adenoma, who underwent cerebral MRI of follow-up.WML presence in those affected by SSNHL resulted having a similar distribution to that of the control group: however, we observed complete hearing recovery in 42,9% of patients without WML and in 11,6% of patients with WML >1 (p = 0,017).The incidence of WML in patients with SSNHL was not different compared to that of the control group; however, MRI could have a prognostic role for SSNHL patients, as the presence of WMLs can been linked to a poorer hearing recovery rate. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

White matter lesions and sudden sensorineural hearing loss

Ciorba A
Primo
;
Bianchini C
Secondo
;
Crema L;Ceruti S;Ermili F;Aimoni C
Penultimo
;
Pelucchi S.
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Aim of this paper is to investigate the presence of White Matter Lesions (WMLs) in subjects affected by Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) and possibly to evaluate the significance of WMLs in SSNHL patients.A total of 64 patients (cases) affected by SSNHL were included in this case-control study. Hearing tests were performed at SSNHL onset, after 7 days and after 30 days. Cerebral MRI sequences were performed to rule out retrocochlear pathology, and WMLs were evaluated if present. MRI control group included 32 subjects, without hearing loss, affected by pituitary adenoma, who underwent cerebral MRI of follow-up.WML presence in those affected by SSNHL resulted having a similar distribution to that of the control group: however, we observed complete hearing recovery in 42,9% of patients without WML and in 11,6% of patients with WML >1 (p = 0,017).The incidence of WML in patients with SSNHL was not different compared to that of the control group; however, MRI could have a prognostic role for SSNHL patients, as the presence of WMLs can been linked to a poorer hearing recovery rate. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Ciorba, A; Bianchini, C; Crema, L; Ceruti, S; Ermili, F; Aimoni, C; Pelucchi, S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2410866
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