The detection of GW170817 and its electromagnetic counterparts allows us to constrain the equation of state of dense matter in new and complementary ways. Very stiff equations of state are ruled out by the upper limit on the average tidal deformability, λ ≲ 800, imposed by the detected gravitational wave signal. A lower limit, λ ≳ 400, can also be extracted by considering the large amount of ejected matter that powers the kilonova AT2017gfo. By using several microscopic nucleonic equations of state, we first confirm the existence of a monotonic relation between R1.5(the radius of the 1.5Mpconfiguration) and λ . This translates the limits on λ into limits on the radius: 11.8 km ≲R1.5≲13.1 km. We then show that the monotonic relation is violated if a second branch of compact stars composed of quark matter exists, as in the two-families or twin-stars scenarios. In particular, it is possible to fulfill the limits on λ while having R1.5significantly smaller than 12 km. In both of these scenarios, the event GW170817/AT2017gfo originates from the merger of a hadronic star and a star containing quark matter.

Are Small Radii of Compact Stars Ruled out by GW170817/AT2017gfo?

Alessandro Drago;Giuseppe Pagliara;
2018

Abstract

The detection of GW170817 and its electromagnetic counterparts allows us to constrain the equation of state of dense matter in new and complementary ways. Very stiff equations of state are ruled out by the upper limit on the average tidal deformability, λ ≲ 800, imposed by the detected gravitational wave signal. A lower limit, λ ≳ 400, can also be extracted by considering the large amount of ejected matter that powers the kilonova AT2017gfo. By using several microscopic nucleonic equations of state, we first confirm the existence of a monotonic relation between R1.5(the radius of the 1.5Mpconfiguration) and λ . This translates the limits on λ into limits on the radius: 11.8 km ≲R1.5≲13.1 km. We then show that the monotonic relation is violated if a second branch of compact stars composed of quark matter exists, as in the two-families or twin-stars scenarios. In particular, it is possible to fulfill the limits on λ while having R1.5significantly smaller than 12 km. In both of these scenarios, the event GW170817/AT2017gfo originates from the merger of a hadronic star and a star containing quark matter.
Burgio, Fiorella; Drago, Alessandro; Pagliara, Giuseppe; Schulze, Hans-Josef; Wei, J. -B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2394388
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