Lenalidomide is a therapeutically effective drug in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Twenty-seven CLL patients were treated with lenalidomide in a phase II clinical trial. Ten patients were grouped as responders (R) and 6 as nonresponders (NR). We evaluated T lymphocytes, NK, monocytes and dendritic cells at baseline and after treatment. A gene expression analysis was performed on 16 CLL samples collected before treatment. The levels of immune cells or immune-related cytokines are not different between R and NR patients. However, CLL patients sensitive to lenalidomide clearly show a peculiar gene expression profile in leukemic cells. The most up-regulated gene (fold change =  +23 in R vs. NR) is Wnt inhibitor SHISA homolog 3 (SHISA3). SHISA3highCLL are characterized by a restrained activation of Wnt signaling and sensibility to lenalidomide-induced apoptosis. In conclusion, SHISA3 is a candidate gene for the identification of CLL patients who will benefit of lenalidomide treatment as single agent.

Increased SHISA3 expression characterizes chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients sensitive to lenalidomide

Rizzotto, Lara;Rigolin, Gian Matteo;Cuneo, Antonio;
2018

Abstract

Lenalidomide is a therapeutically effective drug in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Twenty-seven CLL patients were treated with lenalidomide in a phase II clinical trial. Ten patients were grouped as responders (R) and 6 as nonresponders (NR). We evaluated T lymphocytes, NK, monocytes and dendritic cells at baseline and after treatment. A gene expression analysis was performed on 16 CLL samples collected before treatment. The levels of immune cells or immune-related cytokines are not different between R and NR patients. However, CLL patients sensitive to lenalidomide clearly show a peculiar gene expression profile in leukemic cells. The most up-regulated gene (fold change =  +23 in R vs. NR) is Wnt inhibitor SHISA homolog 3 (SHISA3). SHISA3highCLL are characterized by a restrained activation of Wnt signaling and sensibility to lenalidomide-induced apoptosis. In conclusion, SHISA3 is a candidate gene for the identification of CLL patients who will benefit of lenalidomide treatment as single agent.
Maffei, Rossana; Fiorcari, Stefania; Martinelli, Silvia; Benatti, Stefania; Bulgarelli, Jenny; Rizzotto, Lara; Debbia, Giulia; Santachiara, Rita; Rigolin, Gian Matteo; Forconi, Francesco; Rossi, Davide; Laurenti, Luca; Palumbo, Giuseppe A.; Vallisa, Daniele; Cuneo, Antonio; Gaidano, Gianluca; Luppi, Mario; Marasca, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2382038
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