Micro-ORC systems are characterized by low efficiency values, but at the same time could be used as energy recovery systems in domestic applications for which reliability and low noise level represent the biggest challenges. In this paper, an integrated Reverse Engineering (RE)-Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methodology is applied in order to study the adaptation of a commercial scroll compressor to be used as an expander in a micro-ORC system. The analyses reported in this paper consist of: (i) the acquisition of the 5-kW oil-free scroll expander through a RE procedure and its CAD reconstruction, (ii) the set-up of fully three-dimensional transient simulations with the Chimera strategy using the Siemens PLM software, (iii) the validation of the computational analysis by means of experimental tests and finally, (iv) the analysis of the geometry-flow features like flank and axial gaps, coupled with the analysis of the scroll volumetric efficiency and overall performance. Chimera strategy is able to move the computational grid at each time step in order to accommodate the shape and size changes of the gas pockets. The scroll characterization was carried out using both experimental and numerical tests. Six different rotational velocities in the range of (400 - 2400) rpm with a fixed pressure level (7.5 bar) were tested for validating the numerical model using air as a working fluid. The numerical model was then used to calculate the scroll expander performance operating in an existing ORC system with R134a as working fluid.

Experimental and Numerical Characterization of an Oil-Free Scroll Expander

Suman, Alessio;RANDI, Saverio;Casari, Nicola;Pinelli, Michele;
2017

Abstract

Micro-ORC systems are characterized by low efficiency values, but at the same time could be used as energy recovery systems in domestic applications for which reliability and low noise level represent the biggest challenges. In this paper, an integrated Reverse Engineering (RE)-Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methodology is applied in order to study the adaptation of a commercial scroll compressor to be used as an expander in a micro-ORC system. The analyses reported in this paper consist of: (i) the acquisition of the 5-kW oil-free scroll expander through a RE procedure and its CAD reconstruction, (ii) the set-up of fully three-dimensional transient simulations with the Chimera strategy using the Siemens PLM software, (iii) the validation of the computational analysis by means of experimental tests and finally, (iv) the analysis of the geometry-flow features like flank and axial gaps, coupled with the analysis of the scroll volumetric efficiency and overall performance. Chimera strategy is able to move the computational grid at each time step in order to accommodate the shape and size changes of the gas pockets. The scroll characterization was carried out using both experimental and numerical tests. Six different rotational velocities in the range of (400 - 2400) rpm with a fixed pressure level (7.5 bar) were tested for validating the numerical model using air as a working fluid. The numerical model was then used to calculate the scroll expander performance operating in an existing ORC system with R134a as working fluid.
Chimera strategy; computational fluid dynamics; experimental validation; moving mesh; scroll expander; Energy (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2381649
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