Introduction Excessive apoptosis has been hypothesized as possible cause of tendinopathy and tear in the tendons of the rotator cuff (RC). Different mechanisms and molecules play a key role in cell regulation. Biological interventions can affect the process of apoptosis to control the tendinopathy process, and may be useful to design new treatments. Source of data We identified basic science, in vitro and in vivo preclinical and clinical studies listed in the Pubmed Google Scholar, CINAHL, Cochrane Central and Embase Biomedical databases in English, Spanish, Italian and French concerning the effects of apoptosis on RC tendons. Areas of agreement The homeostasis between the apoptotic and inflammatory processes is dynamic and controlled by pro- and anti-apoptotic mechanisms and signals, with variable balance in different areas of the RC tendons in human specimens. Areas of controversy Apoptosis can be identified along the whole tendon, not only in the area of the lesion. Therefore, it is not necessary to undertake wide debridement of the torn edges of the tendon when undertaking a repair. Growing points The identification of the various factors that control apoptosis and its mechanisms can help to design new treatments and exert positive effects in the recovery from tendon tears. Areas timely for developing research Further studies are needed to produce clear guidelines to determine how to balance the apoptosis process to reduce the failed healing response found in non-traumatic RC tears.
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|Titolo:||Apoptosis and rotator cuff tears: Scientific evidence from basic science to clinical findings|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|