Vaccines are a great scientific conquest of the modern era having made it possible to prevent many infectious diseases that previously had a significant impact on the population both in terms of morbidity and sequelae and/or lethality. They act respecting/enhancing physiological capabilities of the organism and have a very favorable pharmacoeconomic profile. The development and availability of a safe, well-tolerated and effective vaccine is the indispensable premise for the primary prevention through vaccination in the community. Then it is necessary to define the target to be pursued; this latter can be control, elimination and eradication. The choice of the target is influenced by several factors; however, it must be followed by the development of an appropriate strategy to achieve the necessary vaccine coverage rate. The vaccination schedule is therefore the instrument by which each vaccine strategy is planned, and should take into account some epidemiological, immunological and practical requirements (Table 1) [1]. The immunization schedule is therefore the chronological sequence of each vaccination; it is an essential tool to achieve established targets as well as a useful guide for any stakeholder (e.g. health care professionals, users, ect.). The current vaccine schedule results from a series of laws relating to compulsory vaccinations and has been integrated over time by including recommended immunizations [2]. A key point is that the schedule should be a flexible instrument and continuously updated. The Italian immunization schedule has many positive aspects as it is updated based on the availability of new vaccines, combines mandatory and recommended immunizations (stressing in this way the relevance of both types of vaccinations), is structured so that it can be integrated in case of new epidemiological requirements and covers all age groups. Besides, it includes vaccines considered of priority from the public health point of view and for this free of charge and actively offered.

Italian immunization calendar: rationale and schedule

GABUTTI, Giovanni;KUHDARI, Parvane';STEFANATI, Armando
2015

Abstract

Vaccines are a great scientific conquest of the modern era having made it possible to prevent many infectious diseases that previously had a significant impact on the population both in terms of morbidity and sequelae and/or lethality. They act respecting/enhancing physiological capabilities of the organism and have a very favorable pharmacoeconomic profile. The development and availability of a safe, well-tolerated and effective vaccine is the indispensable premise for the primary prevention through vaccination in the community. Then it is necessary to define the target to be pursued; this latter can be control, elimination and eradication. The choice of the target is influenced by several factors; however, it must be followed by the development of an appropriate strategy to achieve the necessary vaccine coverage rate. The vaccination schedule is therefore the instrument by which each vaccine strategy is planned, and should take into account some epidemiological, immunological and practical requirements (Table 1) [1]. The immunization schedule is therefore the chronological sequence of each vaccination; it is an essential tool to achieve established targets as well as a useful guide for any stakeholder (e.g. health care professionals, users, ect.). The current vaccine schedule results from a series of laws relating to compulsory vaccinations and has been integrated over time by including recommended immunizations [2]. A key point is that the schedule should be a flexible instrument and continuously updated. The Italian immunization schedule has many positive aspects as it is updated based on the availability of new vaccines, combines mandatory and recommended immunizations (stressing in this way the relevance of both types of vaccinations), is structured so that it can be integrated in case of new epidemiological requirements and covers all age groups. Besides, it includes vaccines considered of priority from the public health point of view and for this free of charge and actively offered.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2373057
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact