Drug-induced readthrough over premature stop codons (PTCs) is a potentially attractive therapy for genetic disorders, but a wide outcome variability has been observed. Through expression studies, we investigated the responsiveness to the readthrough-inducing drug geneticin of 11 rationally selected factor IX (FIX) nonsense mutations, present in 70% (324/469) of hemophilia B (HB) patients with PTCs. Among the predicted readthrough-permissive TGA variants, only 2 (p.W240X and p.R384X) responded with a remarkable rescue of FIX activity. The amounts of rescued full-length FIX protein for the p.W240X (∼9% of recombinant FIX [rFIX]-wild-type [WT]) slightly exceeded activity (5.2 ± 0.6%). FIX antigen for the p.R384X (1.9 ± 0.3%) was remarkably lower than activity (7.5 ± 0.7%). Data indicate novel specific mechanisms producing functional rescue: (1) prevalent reinsertion of the authentic residue (tryptophan), reverting the nonsense effects for the p.W240X, and (2) gain-of-function for the p.R384X, supported by the fourfold increased activity of the most probable readthrough-mediated missense variant (rFIX-R384W). For most PTCs, impaired secretion/function produced by readthrough-mediated amino acid substitutions prevented a significant functional rescue, which requires combinations of favorable FIX messenger RNA (mRNA) sequence and protein features. This rational approach, applicable to other coagulation disorders, helps with interpreting the poor response reported in the few investigated HB patients, and identifies candidate patients eligible for treatment.
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|Titolo:||Specific factor IX mRNA and protein features favor drug-induced readthrough over recurrent nonsense mutations|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|