The 2-oxindole nucleus is the central core to develop new anticancer agents and its substitution at the 3-position can effect antitumor activity. Utilizing a pharmacophore hybridization approach, a novel series of antiproliferative agents was obtained by the modification of the structure of 3-substituted-2-oxindole pharmacophore by the attachment of the α-bromoacryloyl moiety, acting as a Michael acceptor, at the 5-position of 2-oxindole framework. The impact of the substituent at the 3-position of 2-oxindole core on the potency and selectivity against a panel of seven different cancer cell lines was examined. We found that these hybrid molecules displayed potent antiproliferative activity against a panel of four cancer cell lines, with one-to double digit nanomolar 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50). A distinctive selective antiproliferative activity was obtained towards CCRF-CEM and RS4; 11 leukemic cell lines. In order to study the possible mechanism of action, we observed that the two most active compounds namely 3(E) and 6(Z) strongly induce apoptosis that follow the mitochondrial pathway. Interestingly a decrease of intracellular reduced glutathione content (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected in treated cells compared with controls suggesting that these effects may be involved in their mechanism of action.

Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of 3-substituted-2-oxindole hybrid derivatives as novel anticancer agents

ROMAGNOLI, Romeo
Primo
;
BARALDI, Pier Giovanni
Secondo
;
PRENCIPE, Filippo;OLIVA, Paola;BARALDI, Stefania;
2017

Abstract

The 2-oxindole nucleus is the central core to develop new anticancer agents and its substitution at the 3-position can effect antitumor activity. Utilizing a pharmacophore hybridization approach, a novel series of antiproliferative agents was obtained by the modification of the structure of 3-substituted-2-oxindole pharmacophore by the attachment of the α-bromoacryloyl moiety, acting as a Michael acceptor, at the 5-position of 2-oxindole framework. The impact of the substituent at the 3-position of 2-oxindole core on the potency and selectivity against a panel of seven different cancer cell lines was examined. We found that these hybrid molecules displayed potent antiproliferative activity against a panel of four cancer cell lines, with one-to double digit nanomolar 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50). A distinctive selective antiproliferative activity was obtained towards CCRF-CEM and RS4; 11 leukemic cell lines. In order to study the possible mechanism of action, we observed that the two most active compounds namely 3(E) and 6(Z) strongly induce apoptosis that follow the mitochondrial pathway. Interestingly a decrease of intracellular reduced glutathione content (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected in treated cells compared with controls suggesting that these effects may be involved in their mechanism of action.
Romagnoli, Romeo; Baraldi, Pier Giovanni; Prencipe, Filippo; Oliva, Paola; Baraldi, Stefania; Salvador, Maria Kimatrai; Lopez Cara, Luisa Carlota; Bortolozzi, Roberta; Mattiuzzo, Elena; Basso, Giuseppe; Viola, Giampietro
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