A methodology for the control of a pumping plant feeding a tank is presented. This methodology is aimed at minimizing the energy costs by maximizing pumping during off-peak electricity tariff periods. It is based on trigger levels which are variable during the day according to a prefixed pattern in order to ensure that the water level in the elevated tank is at its minimum and maximum values at the end of the peak and off-peak tariff periods respectively. The pattern of the trigger levels is defined by solving a multi-objective problem aimed at minimizing the energy costs and the number of pump switches. The methodology was applied to the real case of a pumping plant feeding an elevated tank for daily balance which, in turn, feeds a small town in northern Italy; one week of hourly observed total consumptions was considered. This methodology was compared with other two methodologies typically used for pump control, i.e. pump scheduling and fixed trigger levels. The results show that the proposed methodology allows for achieving energy costs that are definitively lower than those obtainable by using fixed trigger levels, and comparable with those obtainable by using pump scheduling, being the number of pump switches the same. On the other hand, unlike the pump scheduling, the methodology presented does not require any water demand forecast and scheduling optimization to be repeated daily, thus representing an effective and efficient tool for pumping plant operation.

A Methodology for Pumping Control Based on Time Variable Trigger Levels

ALVISI, Stefano;FRANCHINI, Marco
2016

Abstract

A methodology for the control of a pumping plant feeding a tank is presented. This methodology is aimed at minimizing the energy costs by maximizing pumping during off-peak electricity tariff periods. It is based on trigger levels which are variable during the day according to a prefixed pattern in order to ensure that the water level in the elevated tank is at its minimum and maximum values at the end of the peak and off-peak tariff periods respectively. The pattern of the trigger levels is defined by solving a multi-objective problem aimed at minimizing the energy costs and the number of pump switches. The methodology was applied to the real case of a pumping plant feeding an elevated tank for daily balance which, in turn, feeds a small town in northern Italy; one week of hourly observed total consumptions was considered. This methodology was compared with other two methodologies typically used for pump control, i.e. pump scheduling and fixed trigger levels. The results show that the proposed methodology allows for achieving energy costs that are definitively lower than those obtainable by using fixed trigger levels, and comparable with those obtainable by using pump scheduling, being the number of pump switches the same. On the other hand, unlike the pump scheduling, the methodology presented does not require any water demand forecast and scheduling optimization to be repeated daily, thus representing an effective and efficient tool for pumping plant operation.
pump operation, trigger level, scheduling, water distribution network
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/2361761
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