In previous research, we identified some 7-oxo- and 7-acylamino-substituted pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives as potent and selective human (h) A3 adenosine receptor (AR) antagonists. Herein we report on the structural refinement of this class of antagonists aimed at achieving improved receptor-ligand recognition. Hence, substituents with different steric bulk, flexibility and lipophilicity (Me, Ar, heteroaryl, CH2Ph) were introduced at the 5- and 2-positions of the bicyclic scaffold of both the 7-oxo and 7-amino derivatives, and acyl residues were appended on the 7-amino group of the latter. All the 2-phenylpyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7-amines and 7-acylamines bearing a 4-methoxyphenyl- or a 2-thienyl group at the 5-position showed high hA3 affinity and selectivity. In particular, the 2-phenyl-5-(2-thienyl)-pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidin-7-(4-methoxybenzoyl)amine 25 (Ki = 0.027 nM) is one of the most potent and selective hA3 antagonists reported so far. By using an in silico receptor-driven approach the obtained binding data were rationalized and the molecular bases of the observed hA3 AR affinities were critically described.
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|Titolo:||Structural refinement of pyrazolo[4,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives to obtain highly potent and selective antagonists for the human A3 adenosine receptor|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista|