Hibonite (CaAl12O19, space group P63/mmc) has structural formula A[XII]M1[VI] M2[V]M32[IV]M42[VI]M56[VI]O19 where Ca is 12-fold coordinated at site A and Al3+ ions are dis-tributed over five different sites: 3 distinct octahedra [M1 (D3d), M4 (C3v) and M5 (Cs)], the M3 tetrahedron (C3v), and the unusual 5-fold coordinated trigonal bipyramid M2 (D3h); (Bermanec et al., 1996; Nagashima et al., 2010). Hibonite is able to accommodate a wide range of ions with different valence and coordina-tion, making its structure a promising ceramic pigment. One of the main challenges is to under-stand and control incorporation mechanisms and the threshold of chromophores solubility. It is known that M2+ ions tend to be hosted at the M3 site, while M4+ ions are preferentially accommodated at the M4 site: the introduction of divalent ions might be promoted by the associated incorporation of tetravalent cations, which ensure the lattice electroneutrality and are ordered over the M4 face-sharing octahedral dimers. In this work, the mechanism of the coupled substitution 2Al3+ → (Ni2+ + Ti4+) was investi-gated by combining X-ray powder diffraction and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy techniques. Hibonite turquoise pigments with increasing Ni + Ti doping (CaAl12‒2xNixTixO19, where x = 0.1‒2.0 apfu) were prepared by combustion synthesis, utilizing fuel mixtures (urea, glycine, -alanine) set up according to their compatibility with metal nitrates used as raw materials. The ignition temperature of combustion reaction was 400 ºC, but samples underwent an additional annealing at 1200 ºC. Samples up to x = 0.4 are monophasic; for higher doping, hibonite is the main component accompanied to growing percentages of spinel and perovskite associated phases. The Ni and Ti addition induced a regular increasing of the hibonite unit-cell parameters till x = 1.0, that is proportional to the amount and difference in ionic radii of dopants. In particular, an elongation of the MO bond distances of both M3 and M4 sites was observed. In terms of optical parameters, Ni2+ is preferentially incorporated in tetrahedral coordination, up to 0.3 apfu at the M3 site, and at the M4 octahedron as well (up to 0.19 apfu). The crystal field strength of fourfold coordinated Ni2+ is regularly decreasing, implying an elongation of the local NiO bond that is consistent with the volume increasing from AlO4 to NiO4 tetrahedra registered by XRD. Ti4+ ions are accommodated at both the M2 and M4 octahedra which expand proportionally to the amount of dopants. Pigment purity and colour strength vary with doping depending on the multistep mechanism of Ni and Ti incorporation in the hibonite lattice. References Bermanec V., Holtstam D., Sturman D., Criddle A. J., Back M. E. and Šćavničar S. (1996) - Nežilovite, a new member of the magnetoplumbite group, and the crystal chemistry of magnetoplumbite and hibonite. Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 1287-1297. Nagashima M., Armbruster T. and Hainschwang T. (2010) - A temperature-dependent structure study of gem-quality hibonite from Myanmar. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 871-885.

Ni-Ti co-doped hibonite ceramic pigments by combustion synthesis: crystal structure and optical properties

ARDIT, Matteo;CRUCIANI, Giuseppe;
2015

Abstract

Hibonite (CaAl12O19, space group P63/mmc) has structural formula A[XII]M1[VI] M2[V]M32[IV]M42[VI]M56[VI]O19 where Ca is 12-fold coordinated at site A and Al3+ ions are dis-tributed over five different sites: 3 distinct octahedra [M1 (D3d), M4 (C3v) and M5 (Cs)], the M3 tetrahedron (C3v), and the unusual 5-fold coordinated trigonal bipyramid M2 (D3h); (Bermanec et al., 1996; Nagashima et al., 2010). Hibonite is able to accommodate a wide range of ions with different valence and coordina-tion, making its structure a promising ceramic pigment. One of the main challenges is to under-stand and control incorporation mechanisms and the threshold of chromophores solubility. It is known that M2+ ions tend to be hosted at the M3 site, while M4+ ions are preferentially accommodated at the M4 site: the introduction of divalent ions might be promoted by the associated incorporation of tetravalent cations, which ensure the lattice electroneutrality and are ordered over the M4 face-sharing octahedral dimers. In this work, the mechanism of the coupled substitution 2Al3+ → (Ni2+ + Ti4+) was investi-gated by combining X-ray powder diffraction and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy techniques. Hibonite turquoise pigments with increasing Ni + Ti doping (CaAl12‒2xNixTixO19, where x = 0.1‒2.0 apfu) were prepared by combustion synthesis, utilizing fuel mixtures (urea, glycine, -alanine) set up according to their compatibility with metal nitrates used as raw materials. The ignition temperature of combustion reaction was 400 ºC, but samples underwent an additional annealing at 1200 ºC. Samples up to x = 0.4 are monophasic; for higher doping, hibonite is the main component accompanied to growing percentages of spinel and perovskite associated phases. The Ni and Ti addition induced a regular increasing of the hibonite unit-cell parameters till x = 1.0, that is proportional to the amount and difference in ionic radii of dopants. In particular, an elongation of the MO bond distances of both M3 and M4 sites was observed. In terms of optical parameters, Ni2+ is preferentially incorporated in tetrahedral coordination, up to 0.3 apfu at the M3 site, and at the M4 octahedron as well (up to 0.19 apfu). The crystal field strength of fourfold coordinated Ni2+ is regularly decreasing, implying an elongation of the local NiO bond that is consistent with the volume increasing from AlO4 to NiO4 tetrahedra registered by XRD. Ti4+ ions are accommodated at both the M2 and M4 octahedra which expand proportionally to the amount of dopants. Pigment purity and colour strength vary with doping depending on the multistep mechanism of Ni and Ti incorporation in the hibonite lattice. References Bermanec V., Holtstam D., Sturman D., Criddle A. J., Back M. E. and Šćavničar S. (1996) - Nežilovite, a new member of the magnetoplumbite group, and the crystal chemistry of magnetoplumbite and hibonite. Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 1287-1297. Nagashima M., Armbruster T. and Hainschwang T. (2010) - A temperature-dependent structure study of gem-quality hibonite from Myanmar. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 871-885.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/2330010
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