The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of intranasal immunization with non-ionic surfactant vesicles (NISV) containing either the secretory recombinant form of glycoprotein B (gBs) of herpes simplex virus type 1 or a related polylysine reach peptides (DTK) for induction of protective immunity against genital herpes infection in mice. NISV were prepared by lipid film hydration method. The mean diameter of vesicles was around 390 nm for DTK-containing NISV (DTK-NISV) and 320 nm for gB1s-containing NISV (gB1s-NISV). The encapsulation efficiency of the molecules was comprised between 57% and 70%. After 7-14 day NISV maintained stable dimensions and a drug encapsulation higher then 48%. We showed that intranasal immunization with gB1s-NISV induces gB-specific IgG antibody and lymphoproliferative responses, whereas vaccination with DTK-NISV was not able to generate a gB-specific immune response. Our results indicate that vaccination of BALB/c mice with gB1s-NISV induced Th1 responses, as characterized by increased titer of IG2a in plasma and IFN-production in CD4+ splenic cells. Intranasal immunization with gB1s-NISV could elicit 90% (almost complete) protection against a heterologous lethal vaginal challenge with herpes simplex virus type 2. These data may have implications for the development of a mucosal vaccine against genital herpes.

Intranasal immunization in mice with non-ionic surfactants vesicles containing HSV immunogens: a preliminary study as possible vaccine against genital herpes

CORTESI, Rita;RAVANI, Laura;RINALDI, Francesca;MARCONI, Peggy Carla Raffaella;MANSERVIGI, Roberto;ARGNANI, Rafaela;MENEGATTI, Enea;ESPOSITO, Elisabetta;MANSERVIGI, Marco
2013

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of intranasal immunization with non-ionic surfactant vesicles (NISV) containing either the secretory recombinant form of glycoprotein B (gBs) of herpes simplex virus type 1 or a related polylysine reach peptides (DTK) for induction of protective immunity against genital herpes infection in mice. NISV were prepared by lipid film hydration method. The mean diameter of vesicles was around 390 nm for DTK-containing NISV (DTK-NISV) and 320 nm for gB1s-containing NISV (gB1s-NISV). The encapsulation efficiency of the molecules was comprised between 57% and 70%. After 7-14 day NISV maintained stable dimensions and a drug encapsulation higher then 48%. We showed that intranasal immunization with gB1s-NISV induces gB-specific IgG antibody and lymphoproliferative responses, whereas vaccination with DTK-NISV was not able to generate a gB-specific immune response. Our results indicate that vaccination of BALB/c mice with gB1s-NISV induced Th1 responses, as characterized by increased titer of IG2a in plasma and IFN-production in CD4+ splenic cells. Intranasal immunization with gB1s-NISV could elicit 90% (almost complete) protection against a heterologous lethal vaginal challenge with herpes simplex virus type 2. These data may have implications for the development of a mucosal vaccine against genital herpes.
Cortesi, Rita; Ravani, Laura; Rinaldi, Francesca; Marconi, Peggy Carla Raffaella; M., Drechsler; Manservigi, Roberto; Argnani, Rafaela; Menegatti, Enea; Esposito, Elisabetta; Manservigi, Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1680488
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