The aim of this study was to describe a natural and anatomic lingual arch form obtained from subjects with normal occlusion that could be used, with other criteria, in the construction of personalized setups for the lingual straight-wire technique.The study sample comprised 58 pairs of dental casts of the arches of 58 southern Europeans (37 women, 21 men) with ideal natural occlusions. After the reference points of the dental arches were identified and marked, the dental casts were scanned. The exact position of the models on the scanner was established by using an acetate sheet with a Cartesian reference system. For each image, 14 reference points (x, y) were measured and recorded. The measurements were processed with software to select the polynomial function that best described the shape of the dental arches. The ninth-degree polynomial function was selected to represent the lingual arch form of both arches. Distribution analysis of the x and y values of each tooth in each arch resulted in the creation of 3 groups (small, medium, and large) to verify the most appropriate measures of the central tendencies of our data.Statistical analysis showed no significant sex difference in the medians of the 6 parameters used to measure depth and width in both arches. A representation of the variability of the lingual curve of our sample was created to document at least 3 sizes of the representative curve of the central tendency for our data. No statistically significant differences in shape were found between men and women, considering the medians as a measure of the central tendencies.Three lingual curves (small, medium, and large) for the maxillary and mandibular arches, representing the mean values of our sample, were developed and can be used as guides for the setup in the lingual straight-wire technique.

A new concept of anatomic lingual arch form.

LOMBARDO, Luca;SICILIANI, Giuseppe
2010

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe a natural and anatomic lingual arch form obtained from subjects with normal occlusion that could be used, with other criteria, in the construction of personalized setups for the lingual straight-wire technique.The study sample comprised 58 pairs of dental casts of the arches of 58 southern Europeans (37 women, 21 men) with ideal natural occlusions. After the reference points of the dental arches were identified and marked, the dental casts were scanned. The exact position of the models on the scanner was established by using an acetate sheet with a Cartesian reference system. For each image, 14 reference points (x, y) were measured and recorded. The measurements were processed with software to select the polynomial function that best described the shape of the dental arches. The ninth-degree polynomial function was selected to represent the lingual arch form of both arches. Distribution analysis of the x and y values of each tooth in each arch resulted in the creation of 3 groups (small, medium, and large) to verify the most appropriate measures of the central tendencies of our data.Statistical analysis showed no significant sex difference in the medians of the 6 parameters used to measure depth and width in both arches. A representation of the variability of the lingual curve of our sample was created to document at least 3 sizes of the representative curve of the central tendency for our data. No statistically significant differences in shape were found between men and women, considering the medians as a measure of the central tendencies.Three lingual curves (small, medium, and large) for the maxillary and mandibular arches, representing the mean values of our sample, were developed and can be used as guides for the setup in the lingual straight-wire technique.
Lombardo, Luca; L., Saba; G., Scuzzo; K., Takemoto; L., Oteo; J. C., Palma; Siciliani, Giuseppe
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1572669
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