Hormones, growth factors, electrical stimulation, and cell-cell interactions regulate numerous cellular processes by altering the levels of second messengers, thus influencing biochemical reactions inside the cells. The Protein Kinase C family (PKCs) is a group of serine/threonine kinases that are dependent on calcium (Ca2+), diacylglycerol, and phospholipids. Signalling pathways that induce variations on the levels of PKC activators have been implicated in the regulation of diverse cellular functions and, in turn, PKCs are key regulators of a plethora of cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, and tumorigenesis. Importantly, PKCs contain regions, both in the N-terminal regulatory domain and in the C-terminal catalytic domain, that are susceptible to redox modifications. In several pathophysiological conditions when the balance between oxidants, anti-oxidants and alkylants is compromised, cells undergo redox stress. PKCs are cell-signalling proteins that are particularly sensitive to redox stress because modification of their redox-sensitive regions interferes with their activity and, thus, with their biological effects. In this review, we summarize the involvement of PKCs in health and disease and the importance of redox signalling in the regulation of this family of kinases.

Redox control of protein kinase C: Cell-and disease-specific aspects

GIORGI, Carlotta;AGNOLETTO, Chiara;BALDINI, Claudio;BONONI, Angela;BONORA, Massimo;MARCHI, Saverio;MISSIROLI, Sonia;PATERGNANI, Simone;POLETTI, Federica;RIMESSI, Alessandro;Zavan B;PINTON, Paolo
2010

Abstract

Hormones, growth factors, electrical stimulation, and cell-cell interactions regulate numerous cellular processes by altering the levels of second messengers, thus influencing biochemical reactions inside the cells. The Protein Kinase C family (PKCs) is a group of serine/threonine kinases that are dependent on calcium (Ca2+), diacylglycerol, and phospholipids. Signalling pathways that induce variations on the levels of PKC activators have been implicated in the regulation of diverse cellular functions and, in turn, PKCs are key regulators of a plethora of cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, and tumorigenesis. Importantly, PKCs contain regions, both in the N-terminal regulatory domain and in the C-terminal catalytic domain, that are susceptible to redox modifications. In several pathophysiological conditions when the balance between oxidants, anti-oxidants and alkylants is compromised, cells undergo redox stress. PKCs are cell-signalling proteins that are particularly sensitive to redox stress because modification of their redox-sensitive regions interferes with their activity and, thus, with their biological effects. In this review, we summarize the involvement of PKCs in health and disease and the importance of redox signalling in the regulation of this family of kinases.
2010
Giorgi, Carlotta; Agnoletto, Chiara; Baldini, Claudio; Bononi, Angela; Bonora, Massimo; Marchi, Saverio; Missiroli, Sonia; Patergnani, Simone; Poletti, Federica; Rimessi, Alessandro; Zavan, B; Pinton, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1399632
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