In many world populations, mutations in the GJB2 gene (codifyng for Connexin 26) are the most common causes of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss and account for approximately 50% of cases. To date, more than 100 (dominant or recessive) mutations have been identified (The Connexin Deafness Homepage, 2009) and differences in frequency and distribution across the world are significant. In European and American Caucasian populations, the 35delG is the most common mutation found to account for nearly 70% of the pathological alleles. Mutations in the GJB6 gene (codifyng for Connexin 30) can co-occur in some cases (we refer to the 342-kb truncating deletion, named as GJB6-D13S1830)...... In accordance with the literature, all categories of HL were found. The severe-profound HL was predominant especially in T/T, T/NT forms. The 35delG is the most common mutation that we found, especially in profound hearing impairment. Mild-moderate HL was identified overall among NT/NT forms. Our findings confirm the importance of newborn screening, and the evaluation of genetic mutations to define genotype/phenotype correlation and clinical or audiological features useful to early diagnosis and improvement of therapeutic protocols.

Audiological profiles and gjb2, gjb6 mutations: A retrospective study on genetic and clinical data from 2003 to 2008

BERTO, Anna;PELLATI, Daniela;CASTIGLIONE, Alessandro;BUSI, Micol;TREVISI, Patrizia;GUALANDI, Francesca;FERLINI, Alessandra;MARTINI, Alessandro
2009

Abstract

In many world populations, mutations in the GJB2 gene (codifyng for Connexin 26) are the most common causes of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss and account for approximately 50% of cases. To date, more than 100 (dominant or recessive) mutations have been identified (The Connexin Deafness Homepage, 2009) and differences in frequency and distribution across the world are significant. In European and American Caucasian populations, the 35delG is the most common mutation found to account for nearly 70% of the pathological alleles. Mutations in the GJB6 gene (codifyng for Connexin 30) can co-occur in some cases (we refer to the 342-kb truncating deletion, named as GJB6-D13S1830)...... In accordance with the literature, all categories of HL were found. The severe-profound HL was predominant especially in T/T, T/NT forms. The 35delG is the most common mutation that we found, especially in profound hearing impairment. Mild-moderate HL was identified overall among NT/NT forms. Our findings confirm the importance of newborn screening, and the evaluation of genetic mutations to define genotype/phenotype correlation and clinical or audiological features useful to early diagnosis and improvement of therapeutic protocols.
Berto, Anna; Pellati, Daniela; Castiglione, Alessandro; Busi, Micol; Trevisi, Patrizia; Gualandi, Francesca; Ferlini, Alessandra; Martini, Alessandro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/1377527
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