A new procedure for determining the calibration function able to relate retention and operative parameters to molecular weight of the species in Thermal Field Flow (ThFFF) under Thermal Field Programming (TFP) conditions is presented. The procedure involves determining the average values of retention parameters under TFP and determining a numerical function related to the temperature variations that occur during TFP. The calibration parameters are obtained by a procedure fitting the retention and operative parameters that hold true at the beginning of the TFP. The procedure is closely related to the one previously developed to calibrate the retention time axis under TFP ThFFF and, together, they constitute a full calibration procedure. Experimental validation was performed with reference to Polystyrene (PS) -decalin and PS-tetrahydrofurane (THF) systems. The calibration functions here obtained were compared to those derived by the classical procedure at constant thermal field ThFFF to obtain the calibration function at variable cold wall temperatures. Excellent agreement was found in all cases proving “universality” of the ThFFF calibration concept, i.e. it is independent of the particular system on which it was determined and can thus be extended to ThFFF operating under TFP. The new procedure is simpler than the classical one since it requires less precision in setting the instrumentation and can be obtained with a fewer experiments. The potential applications for the method are discussed.

Determination of calibration function in thermal field flow fractionation under thermal field programming

PASTI, Luisa;DONDI, Francesco
2006

Abstract

A new procedure for determining the calibration function able to relate retention and operative parameters to molecular weight of the species in Thermal Field Flow (ThFFF) under Thermal Field Programming (TFP) conditions is presented. The procedure involves determining the average values of retention parameters under TFP and determining a numerical function related to the temperature variations that occur during TFP. The calibration parameters are obtained by a procedure fitting the retention and operative parameters that hold true at the beginning of the TFP. The procedure is closely related to the one previously developed to calibrate the retention time axis under TFP ThFFF and, together, they constitute a full calibration procedure. Experimental validation was performed with reference to Polystyrene (PS) -decalin and PS-tetrahydrofurane (THF) systems. The calibration functions here obtained were compared to those derived by the classical procedure at constant thermal field ThFFF to obtain the calibration function at variable cold wall temperatures. Excellent agreement was found in all cases proving “universality” of the ThFFF calibration concept, i.e. it is independent of the particular system on which it was determined and can thus be extended to ThFFF operating under TFP. The new procedure is simpler than the classical one since it requires less precision in setting the instrumentation and can be obtained with a fewer experiments. The potential applications for the method are discussed.
Pasti, Luisa; Ventosa, E. A.; Mingozzi, I.; Dondi, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1201380
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