OBJECTIVE: To investigate the single and combined effects of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure and the insulin growth factor-I (IGF-I) on proteoglycan (PG) synthesis of bovine articular cartilage explants and chondrocytes cultured in monolayers. DESIGN: Bovine articular cartilage explants and chondrocyte monolayers were exposed to EMF (75Hz; 1.5mT) for 24h in the absence and in the presence of both 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and IGF-I (1-100ng/ml). PG synthesis was determined by Na(2)-(35)SO(4) incorporation. PG release into culture medium was determined by the dimethylmethylene blue (DMMB) assay. RESULTS: In cartilage explants, EMF significantly increased (35)S-sulfate incorporation both in the absence and in the presence of 10% FBS. Similarly, IGF-I increased (35)S-sulfate incorporation in a dose-dependent manner both in 0% and 10% FBS. At all doses of IGF-I, the combined effects of the two stimuli resulted additive. No effect was observed on medium PG release. Also in chondrocyte monolayers, IGF-I stimulated (35)S-sulfate incorporation in a dose-dependent manner, both in 0% and 10% FBS, however, this was not modified by EMF exposure. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that EMF can act in concert with IGF-I in stimulating PG synthesis in bovine articular cartilage explants. As this effect is not maintained in chondrocyte monolayers, the native cell-matrix interactions in the tissue may be fundamental in driving the EMF effects. These data suggest that in vivo the combination of both EMF and IGF may exert a more chondroprotective effect than either treatment alone on articular cartilage.

Effects of physical stimulation with electromagnetic field and insulin growth factor-I treatment on proteoglycan synthesis of bovine articular cartilage

DE MATTEI, Monica
Primo
;
PELLATI, Agnese
Secondo
;
PASELLO, Michela;ONGARO, Alessia;MASSARI, Leo;GEMMATI, Donato
Penultimo
;
CARUSO, Angelo
Ultimo
2004

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the single and combined effects of electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure and the insulin growth factor-I (IGF-I) on proteoglycan (PG) synthesis of bovine articular cartilage explants and chondrocytes cultured in monolayers. DESIGN: Bovine articular cartilage explants and chondrocyte monolayers were exposed to EMF (75Hz; 1.5mT) for 24h in the absence and in the presence of both 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and IGF-I (1-100ng/ml). PG synthesis was determined by Na(2)-(35)SO(4) incorporation. PG release into culture medium was determined by the dimethylmethylene blue (DMMB) assay. RESULTS: In cartilage explants, EMF significantly increased (35)S-sulfate incorporation both in the absence and in the presence of 10% FBS. Similarly, IGF-I increased (35)S-sulfate incorporation in a dose-dependent manner both in 0% and 10% FBS. At all doses of IGF-I, the combined effects of the two stimuli resulted additive. No effect was observed on medium PG release. Also in chondrocyte monolayers, IGF-I stimulated (35)S-sulfate incorporation in a dose-dependent manner, both in 0% and 10% FBS, however, this was not modified by EMF exposure. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study show that EMF can act in concert with IGF-I in stimulating PG synthesis in bovine articular cartilage explants. As this effect is not maintained in chondrocyte monolayers, the native cell-matrix interactions in the tissue may be fundamental in driving the EMF effects. These data suggest that in vivo the combination of both EMF and IGF may exert a more chondroprotective effect than either treatment alone on articular cartilage.
2004
DE MATTEI, Monica; Pellati, Agnese; Pasello, Michela; Ongaro, Alessia; Setti, S; Massari, Leo; Gemmati, Donato; Caruso, Angelo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1201310
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