Non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is a common birth defect with substantial clinical and social impact and whose causes include both genetic and environmental factors. Folate and homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism have been indicated to play a role in the etiology of CL/P, and polymorphisms in folate and Hcy genes may act as susceptibility factors. We investigated a common polymorphism in the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) gene (c.844ins68) in 134 Italian CL/P cases and their parents using the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT). Although no overall linkage disequilibrium was observed, considering the parent-of-origin transmission of the CBS 68 bp insertion a significant (P = 0.002) transmission distortion was detected. When children receive the c.844ins68 allele from the mother compared to the father, they show a 18.7-fold increase in risk for CL/P. This evidence suggests CBS as a candidate gene for CL/P and supports a role of maternal-embryo interactions in the etiology of CL/P.

Cystathionine beta-synthase c.844ins68 gene variant and non-syndromic cleft lip and palate.

RUBINI, Michele;CAVALLARO, Alessandra;CALZOLARI, Elisa
2005

Abstract

Non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is a common birth defect with substantial clinical and social impact and whose causes include both genetic and environmental factors. Folate and homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism have been indicated to play a role in the etiology of CL/P, and polymorphisms in folate and Hcy genes may act as susceptibility factors. We investigated a common polymorphism in the cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) gene (c.844ins68) in 134 Italian CL/P cases and their parents using the transmission disequilibrium test (TDT). Although no overall linkage disequilibrium was observed, considering the parent-of-origin transmission of the CBS 68 bp insertion a significant (P = 0.002) transmission distortion was detected. When children receive the c.844ins68 allele from the mother compared to the father, they show a 18.7-fold increase in risk for CL/P. This evidence suggests CBS as a candidate gene for CL/P and supports a role of maternal-embryo interactions in the etiology of CL/P.
Rubini, Michele; Brusati, R.; Garattini, G.; Magnani, C.; Liviero, F.; Bianchi, F.; Tarantino, E.; Massei, A.; Pollastri, S.; Carturan, S.; Amadori, A.; Bertagnin, E.; Cavallaro, Alessandra; Fabiano, A.; Franchella, A.; Calzolari, Elisa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1199073
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