Xanthine oxidase (xanthine: oxygen oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.3.22), a molybdenum-containing hydroxylase that produces superoxide and uric acid from purine substrates and molecular oxygen, is involved in the oxidative stress underlying several human pathologies including lung diseases. An enzymatic activity similar to xanthine oxidase was previously reported in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD-BAL), by fluorometric analysis of DNA unwinding and cytochrome c reduction kinetics. Here we report the detection of xanthine oxidase activity products by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) in presence of the spin-trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO) and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) in COPD-BAL (n = 14, average age of patients 65 years, range 38-81) and BAL from healthy nonsmoker controls (n = 6, average age 64 years, range 44-73). Superoxide DMPO adducts were detected in COPD-BAL and in an in vitro system containing xanthine and xanthine oxidase (XA/XO), but not in BAL controls and when superoxide dismutase (SOD, 1000 I.U./ml) was added to COPD-BAL. The HPLC analyses after addition of xanthine showed production of uric acid in COPD-BAL and in the XA/XO system but not in BAL controls. These results support the involvement of xanthine oxidase in the mechanisms of superoxide production by BAL supernatant, which increases oxidative stress in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Detection of xanthine oxidase activity products by EPR and HPLC in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from patientis with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

PINAMONTI, Silvano;LEIS, Marilena;MUZZOLI, Mariavittoria;SOSTERO, Silvana;CHICCA, Milvia;CARRIERI, Alberto;CIACCIA, Adalberto
1998

Abstract

Xanthine oxidase (xanthine: oxygen oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.3.22), a molybdenum-containing hydroxylase that produces superoxide and uric acid from purine substrates and molecular oxygen, is involved in the oxidative stress underlying several human pathologies including lung diseases. An enzymatic activity similar to xanthine oxidase was previously reported in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD-BAL), by fluorometric analysis of DNA unwinding and cytochrome c reduction kinetics. Here we report the detection of xanthine oxidase activity products by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) in presence of the spin-trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO) and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) in COPD-BAL (n = 14, average age of patients 65 years, range 38-81) and BAL from healthy nonsmoker controls (n = 6, average age 64 years, range 44-73). Superoxide DMPO adducts were detected in COPD-BAL and in an in vitro system containing xanthine and xanthine oxidase (XA/XO), but not in BAL controls and when superoxide dismutase (SOD, 1000 I.U./ml) was added to COPD-BAL. The HPLC analyses after addition of xanthine showed production of uric acid in COPD-BAL and in the XA/XO system but not in BAL controls. These results support the involvement of xanthine oxidase in the mechanisms of superoxide production by BAL supernatant, which increases oxidative stress in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Pinamonti, Silvano; Leis, Marilena; Barbieri, A.; Leoni, D.; Muzzoli, Mariavittoria; Sostero, Silvana; Chicca, Milvia; Carrieri, Alberto; Ravenna, F.; Fabbri, L.; Ciaccia, Adalberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/1198589
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