P2Y12 plays an important role in platelet aggregation, which makes it an interesting target for antithrombotic agents. Compounds that antagonize P2Y12 include the active metabolites of thienopyridines and molecules that are structurally related to ATP, which is an antagonist of P2Y12. During the last few years, our group has been working on the development of P2Y12 receptors antagonists that are based on an extremely simple chemical structure, the 6-amino-2-mercapto-3H-pyrimidin-4-one, variously substituted at the sulfur and oxygen functions. This nucleus represents the simplified combination of two known P2Y12 antagonists: the active metabolite of the thienopyridines and ATP derivatives. The effects of the synthesized compounds were tested on ADP-induced human platelet aggregation, using light transmission aggregometry. None of the tested compounds induced platelet aggregation, while some of them, at concentration of 10−4 M, partially inhibited platelet aggregation induced by ADP 10−6 M. The most potent compound, 6b, antagonized the inhibitory effect of 2-methylthio-ADP on the forskolin-induced accumulation of cyclic-AMP in CHO FlpIN cells expressing recombinant human P2Y12-receptors. In addition, none of the tested compounds, including 6b, interfered with ligand binding to P1 receptors. Our results suggest that some of the synthesized compounds are specific antagonists of P2 receptors, and in particular of P2Y12 and suggest that further development of this structurally new series of compounds as P2Y12 receptors antagonists is recommended.

6-Amino-2-mercapto-3H-pyrimidin-4-one derivatives as new candidates for the antagonism at the P2Y12 receptors

CREPALDI, Pamela;CACCIARI, Barbara;VARANI, Katia;BOREA, Pier Andrea;
2009

Abstract

P2Y12 plays an important role in platelet aggregation, which makes it an interesting target for antithrombotic agents. Compounds that antagonize P2Y12 include the active metabolites of thienopyridines and molecules that are structurally related to ATP, which is an antagonist of P2Y12. During the last few years, our group has been working on the development of P2Y12 receptors antagonists that are based on an extremely simple chemical structure, the 6-amino-2-mercapto-3H-pyrimidin-4-one, variously substituted at the sulfur and oxygen functions. This nucleus represents the simplified combination of two known P2Y12 antagonists: the active metabolite of the thienopyridines and ATP derivatives. The effects of the synthesized compounds were tested on ADP-induced human platelet aggregation, using light transmission aggregometry. None of the tested compounds induced platelet aggregation, while some of them, at concentration of 10−4 M, partially inhibited platelet aggregation induced by ADP 10−6 M. The most potent compound, 6b, antagonized the inhibitory effect of 2-methylthio-ADP on the forskolin-induced accumulation of cyclic-AMP in CHO FlpIN cells expressing recombinant human P2Y12-receptors. In addition, none of the tested compounds, including 6b, interfered with ligand binding to P1 receptors. Our results suggest that some of the synthesized compounds are specific antagonists of P2 receptors, and in particular of P2Y12 and suggest that further development of this structurally new series of compounds as P2Y12 receptors antagonists is recommended.
Crepaldi, Pamela; Cacciari, Barbara; Bonache, M. C.; Spalluto, G.; Varani, Katia; Borea, Pier Andrea; Kügelgen, I.; Hoffmann, K.; Pugliano, M.; Razzari, C.; Cattaneo, M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/536168
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