We deposited nanogranular Co/Cu multilayers made of thin fragmented Co layers separated by thicker Cu layers to study how the structure and the microstructure of magnetic nanogranular samples change as the average particle size is reduced, and how these changes affect the giant magnetoresistive response of the samples. Indeed, thanks to the vertical periodicity of the structure, namely to the fact that Co/Cu interfaces display an ordered stacking and are not randomly distributed within the samples as in conventional granular materials, their self- and cross-correlations can be investigated. In this way, the characteristic length scale of the Co/Cu interfacial roughness, that is strictly related to the giant magnetoresistive response of the samples, and the universality class of the growth mechanism, that affects the systems structure, can be both accessed. The Co/Cu nanogranular multilayers were characterized using different X-Ray techniques, from specular reflectivity, which allows to probe the multilayer development in the vertical direction, to grazing incidence small angle diffuse scattering, which provides information on the self- and cross-correlation of the Co/Cu interfaces. Furthermore, diffraction measurements indicate that the degree of structural disorder increases by decreasing the thickness of the Co layers. Magnetoresistive and magnetization measurements are as well presented and discussed with the results of the structural characterisation.
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