A loss of neurons is observed in the hippocampus of many patients with epilepsies of temporal lobe origin. It has been hypothesized that damage limitation or repair, for example using neurotrophic factors (NTFs), may prevent the transformation of a normal tissue into epileptic (epileptogenesis). Here, we used viral vectors to locally supplement two NTFs, fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), when an epileptogenic damage was already in place. These vectors were first characterized in vitro, where they increased proliferation of neural progenitors and favored their differentiation into neurons. Then, they were tested in a model of status epilepticus-induced neurodegeneration and epileptogenesis. When injected in a lesioned hippocampus, FGF-2/BDNF expressing vectors increased neuronogenesis, embanked neuronal damage and reduced epileptogenesis. It is concluded that reduction of damage reduces epileptogenesis and that supplementing specific NTFs in lesion areas represents a new approach for the therapy of neuronal damage and its consequences.

Localized delivery of fibroblast growth factor-2 and brain-derived neurotrophic factor reduces spontaneous seizures in an epilepsy model

PARADISO, Beatrice;MARCONI, Peggy Carla Raffaella;ZUCCHINI, Silvia;BERTO, Elena;BINASCHI, Anna;BOZAC, Aleksandra;BUZZI, Andrea;MAZZUFERI, Manuela;MAGRI, Eros;RODI, Donata;SU, Tao;VOLPI, Ilaria;MANSERVIGI, Roberto;SIMONATO, Michele
2009

Abstract

A loss of neurons is observed in the hippocampus of many patients with epilepsies of temporal lobe origin. It has been hypothesized that damage limitation or repair, for example using neurotrophic factors (NTFs), may prevent the transformation of a normal tissue into epileptic (epileptogenesis). Here, we used viral vectors to locally supplement two NTFs, fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), when an epileptogenic damage was already in place. These vectors were first characterized in vitro, where they increased proliferation of neural progenitors and favored their differentiation into neurons. Then, they were tested in a model of status epilepticus-induced neurodegeneration and epileptogenesis. When injected in a lesioned hippocampus, FGF-2/BDNF expressing vectors increased neuronogenesis, embanked neuronal damage and reduced epileptogenesis. It is concluded that reduction of damage reduces epileptogenesis and that supplementing specific NTFs in lesion areas represents a new approach for the therapy of neuronal damage and its consequences.
Paradiso, Beatrice; Marconi, Peggy Carla Raffaella; Zucchini, Silvia; Berto, Elena; Binaschi, Anna; Bozac, Aleksandra; Buzzi, Andrea; Mazzuferi, Manuela; Magri, Eros; Navarro Mora, G.; Rodi, Donata; Su, Tao; Volpi, Ilaria; Zanetti, L.; Marzola, A.; Manservigi, Roberto; Fabene, P. F.; Simonato, Michele
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/534684
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