The methylation pattern of the human HLA-DR alpha gene has been studied in different tissues of transgenic mice. Offspring from two transgenic lines was selected for this analysis, carrying the integrated HLA-DR alpha gene in either single or multiple (8-10) copies per diploid genome. In transgenic animals two distinct methylation patterns of the HLA-DR alpha gene are generated, due to a complete methylation of all the GCGC and CCGG sites the former, and to unmethylation restricted to one or both the GCGC sites located in the 5' portion of the HLA-DR alpha gene, the latter. Unmethylation restricted to the 5' portion of the HLA-DR alpha gene is a highly conserved feature in human tissues and in vitro cultured cell lines; therefore, it is concluded that the methylation pattern of the human HLA-DR alpha transgene may be faithfully reconstituted in transgenic animals. Northern blotting analysis of the RNA isolated from tissues of the transgenic mouse carrying single-copy HLA-DR alpha transgene demonstrates its tissue specific expression, suggesting that transgenic mice may represent an "in vivo" experimental system to study the relationship between methylation state and transcriptional activation.

Transgenic mice mimic the methylation pattern of the human HLA-DR alpha gene.

FERIOTTO, Giordana;PIVA, Maria Roberta;NASTRUZZI, Claudio;GAMBARI, Roberto
1991

Abstract

The methylation pattern of the human HLA-DR alpha gene has been studied in different tissues of transgenic mice. Offspring from two transgenic lines was selected for this analysis, carrying the integrated HLA-DR alpha gene in either single or multiple (8-10) copies per diploid genome. In transgenic animals two distinct methylation patterns of the HLA-DR alpha gene are generated, due to a complete methylation of all the GCGC and CCGG sites the former, and to unmethylation restricted to one or both the GCGC sites located in the 5' portion of the HLA-DR alpha gene, the latter. Unmethylation restricted to the 5' portion of the HLA-DR alpha gene is a highly conserved feature in human tissues and in vitro cultured cell lines; therefore, it is concluded that the methylation pattern of the human HLA-DR alpha transgene may be faithfully reconstituted in transgenic animals. Northern blotting analysis of the RNA isolated from tissues of the transgenic mouse carrying single-copy HLA-DR alpha transgene demonstrates its tissue specific expression, suggesting that transgenic mice may represent an "in vivo" experimental system to study the relationship between methylation state and transcriptional activation.
Feriotto, Giordana; Pozzi, L; Piva, Maria Roberta; Deledda, F; Barbieri, R; Nastruzzi, Claudio; Ciucci, A; Natali, Pg; Giacomini, P; Gambari, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/534507
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