To verify whether myocardial impairment can be detected by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in patients with asymptomatic systemic sclerosis (SSc), 35 patients with SSc with normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and 35 control subjects were studied. Methods.Myocardial longitudinal peak systolic velocity, strain, and strain rate (SR) were measured by TDI at a regional level, and for each parameter the average value was calculated using an LV 12-segment model. In addition, the mitral annulus diastolic velocities and the E/Ea ratio were obtained. Myocardial calibrated integrated backscatter (cIB) was used as an index of fibrosis. Results. Compared with controls, patients with SSc showed lower peak strain (−19.5% ± 2.3% vs −26.1% ± 2.4%, P < .001), peak SR (−1.34 ± 0.14 s−1 vs −1.59 ± 0.14 s−1, P < .001), septal cIB (−19.5 ± 3.1 dB vs −23.8 ± 1.6 dB, P < .001), and posterior wall cIB (−23.4 ± 2.9 dB vs −28.6 ± 2.5 dB, P = .001), and higher E/Ea (11.7 ± 2.5 vs 9.8 ± 1.1, P < .001), whereas peak systolic velocities did not differ. Strain, SR, and E/Ea correlated better with cIB than systolic velocities. Conclusion. TDI-derived strain, SR, and E/Ea can detect impairment of LV myocardial function in asymptomatic patients with SSc with normal LV ejection fraction better than TDI systolic velocities.

Abnormalities of left ventricular function in asymptomatic patients with systemic sclerosis using doppler measures of myocardial strain.

MELE, Donato;CENSI, Stefano;LA CORTE, Renato;MERLI, Elisa;LO MONACO, Andrea;CECONI, Claudio;TROTTA, Francesco;FERRARI, Roberto
2008

Abstract

To verify whether myocardial impairment can be detected by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) in patients with asymptomatic systemic sclerosis (SSc), 35 patients with SSc with normal left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and 35 control subjects were studied. Methods.Myocardial longitudinal peak systolic velocity, strain, and strain rate (SR) were measured by TDI at a regional level, and for each parameter the average value was calculated using an LV 12-segment model. In addition, the mitral annulus diastolic velocities and the E/Ea ratio were obtained. Myocardial calibrated integrated backscatter (cIB) was used as an index of fibrosis. Results. Compared with controls, patients with SSc showed lower peak strain (−19.5% ± 2.3% vs −26.1% ± 2.4%, P < .001), peak SR (−1.34 ± 0.14 s−1 vs −1.59 ± 0.14 s−1, P < .001), septal cIB (−19.5 ± 3.1 dB vs −23.8 ± 1.6 dB, P < .001), and posterior wall cIB (−23.4 ± 2.9 dB vs −28.6 ± 2.5 dB, P = .001), and higher E/Ea (11.7 ± 2.5 vs 9.8 ± 1.1, P < .001), whereas peak systolic velocities did not differ. Strain, SR, and E/Ea correlated better with cIB than systolic velocities. Conclusion. TDI-derived strain, SR, and E/Ea can detect impairment of LV myocardial function in asymptomatic patients with SSc with normal LV ejection fraction better than TDI systolic velocities.
Mele, Donato; Censi, Stefano; LA CORTE, Renato; Merli, Elisa; LO MONACO, Andrea; Locaputo, A; Ceconi, Claudio; Trotta, Francesco; Ferrari, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/534400
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