Combined potentiometric, calorimetric and spectroscopic methods were used to investigate the Cu2+ binding ability and coordination behaviour of some peptide fragments from the neurotoxic region of chicken prion protein. The system studied were the following protein fragments: ChPrP106-114, ChPrP119-126, ChPrP108-127, ChPrP105-127 and ChPrP105-133. The complex formation always starts around pH 4 with the coordination of an imidazole nitrogen, followed by the deprotonation and binding of amide nitrogens from the peptidic backbone. At neutral pH, the {Nim, 3N-} binding mode is the preferred one. The amide nitrogens participating in the binding to the Cu2+ ion derive from residues from the N-terminus side, with the formation of a six-membered chelate ring with the imidazolic side chain. Comparison of thermodynamic data for the two histydyl binding domains (around His-110 and His-124), clearly indicates that the closest to the hexarepeat domain (His-110) has the highest ability to bind Cu2+ ions, although both of them have the same coordination mode. On the contrary, in the case of human neurotoxic peptide region, between the two binding sites, located at His-96 and His-111, the farthest from the tandem repeat region is the strongest one. Finally, thermodynamic data show that chicken peptide is a distinctly better ligand for coordination of copper ions with respect to the human fragment.

Copper(II) coordination outside tandem repeat region of an unstructured domain of chicken prion protein

BACCO, Dimitri;REMELLI, Maurizio;
2009

Abstract

Combined potentiometric, calorimetric and spectroscopic methods were used to investigate the Cu2+ binding ability and coordination behaviour of some peptide fragments from the neurotoxic region of chicken prion protein. The system studied were the following protein fragments: ChPrP106-114, ChPrP119-126, ChPrP108-127, ChPrP105-127 and ChPrP105-133. The complex formation always starts around pH 4 with the coordination of an imidazole nitrogen, followed by the deprotonation and binding of amide nitrogens from the peptidic backbone. At neutral pH, the {Nim, 3N-} binding mode is the preferred one. The amide nitrogens participating in the binding to the Cu2+ ion derive from residues from the N-terminus side, with the formation of a six-membered chelate ring with the imidazolic side chain. Comparison of thermodynamic data for the two histydyl binding domains (around His-110 and His-124), clearly indicates that the closest to the hexarepeat domain (His-110) has the highest ability to bind Cu2+ ions, although both of them have the same coordination mode. On the contrary, in the case of human neurotoxic peptide region, between the two binding sites, located at His-96 and His-111, the farthest from the tandem repeat region is the strongest one. Finally, thermodynamic data show that chicken peptide is a distinctly better ligand for coordination of copper ions with respect to the human fragment.
E., Gralka; D., Valensin; K., Gajda; Bacco, Dimitri; L., Szyrwiel; Remelli, Maurizio; G., Valensin; W., Kamasz; W., Baranska–rybak; H., Kozlowski
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/534309
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