The proto-oncogene Akt is a potent inhibitor of apoptosis, and it is activated in many human cancers. A number of recent studies have highlighted the importance of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor(IP3R) in mediating calcium (Ca2+) transfer from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the mitochondriain several models of apoptosis. Akt is a serine-threonine kinase and recent data indicate the IP3R as a target of its phosphorylation activity.Here we show that HeLa cells, overexpressing the constitutively active myristoylated/palmitylatedAKT1 (m/p-AKT1), were found to have a reduced Ca2+ release from ER after stimulation with agonist coupled to the generation of IP3. In turn, this affected cytosolic and mitochondria Ca2+ response after Ca2+release from the ER induced either by agonist stimulation or by apoptotic stimuli releasing Ca2+ from intracellular stores.Most importantly, this alteration of ER Ca2+ content and release, reduces significantly cellular sensitivity to Ca2+ mediated proapoptotic stimulation. These results reveal a primary role of Akt in shaping intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, that may underlie its protective role against some proapoptotic stimuli.

Akt kinase reducing endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release protects cells from Ca2+-dependent apoptotic stimuli

MARCHI, Saverio;RIMESSI, Alessandro;GIORGI, Carlotta;BALDINI, Claudio;PINTON, Paolo
2008

Abstract

The proto-oncogene Akt is a potent inhibitor of apoptosis, and it is activated in many human cancers. A number of recent studies have highlighted the importance of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor(IP3R) in mediating calcium (Ca2+) transfer from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the mitochondriain several models of apoptosis. Akt is a serine-threonine kinase and recent data indicate the IP3R as a target of its phosphorylation activity.Here we show that HeLa cells, overexpressing the constitutively active myristoylated/palmitylatedAKT1 (m/p-AKT1), were found to have a reduced Ca2+ release from ER after stimulation with agonist coupled to the generation of IP3. In turn, this affected cytosolic and mitochondria Ca2+ response after Ca2+release from the ER induced either by agonist stimulation or by apoptotic stimuli releasing Ca2+ from intracellular stores.Most importantly, this alteration of ER Ca2+ content and release, reduces significantly cellular sensitivity to Ca2+ mediated proapoptotic stimulation. These results reveal a primary role of Akt in shaping intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, that may underlie its protective role against some proapoptotic stimuli.
Marchi, Saverio; Rimessi, Alessandro; Giorgi, Carlotta; Baldini, Claudio; Ferroni, L.; Rizzuto, R.; Pinton, Paolo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/533498
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