The recently formulated two-oscillator (TO) model interprets the lowest of the kilohertz frequencies of the twin-peak quasi-periodic oscillations in X-ray binaries as the Keplerian frequency νK. The high twin frequency νh in this model holds the upper hybrid frequency relation to the rotational frequency of the neutron star's magnetosphere Ω: ν2h=ν2K+4(Ω/ 2π)2. The vector Ω is assumed to have an angle δ with the normal to the disk. The first oscillator in the TO model allows one to interpret the horizontal branch observed below 100 Hz as the lower mode of the Keplerian oscillator under the influence of the Coriolis force, with frequency νL being dependent on νh, νK, and δ. For some stars such as 4U 0614+09, Scorpius X-1, and 4U 1702-42, νh, νK, and νL have been observed simultaneously, thus providing the opportunity to check the central prediction of the TO model, i.e., the constancy of δ for a particular source. Given the considerable variation of each of these three frequencies, the existence of an observational invariant with a clear physical interpretation as a global parameter of the neutron star magnetosphere is an important test of the TO model. Using the results of recent observations of 4U 0614+09, we verify the existence of this invariant and determine the angle δ=15.6d+/-0.5d for this star. The second oscillator in the model deals with both a radial (presumably sound) oscillation and a diffuse process in the viscous layer surrounding the neutron star. Our analysis of the viscous oscillation frequency νV and the break frequency νb of the diffusion shows that the spin value of the inner boundary of the transition layer for 4U 0614+09 is at least 2 times more than the values for 4U 1728-34 and Sco X-1.

δ-Invariant for Quasi-periodic Oscillations and Physical Parameters of the 4U 0614+09 Binary

TITARCHUK, Lev;
2000

Abstract

The recently formulated two-oscillator (TO) model interprets the lowest of the kilohertz frequencies of the twin-peak quasi-periodic oscillations in X-ray binaries as the Keplerian frequency νK. The high twin frequency νh in this model holds the upper hybrid frequency relation to the rotational frequency of the neutron star's magnetosphere Ω: ν2h=ν2K+4(Ω/ 2π)2. The vector Ω is assumed to have an angle δ with the normal to the disk. The first oscillator in the TO model allows one to interpret the horizontal branch observed below 100 Hz as the lower mode of the Keplerian oscillator under the influence of the Coriolis force, with frequency νL being dependent on νh, νK, and δ. For some stars such as 4U 0614+09, Scorpius X-1, and 4U 1702-42, νh, νK, and νL have been observed simultaneously, thus providing the opportunity to check the central prediction of the TO model, i.e., the constancy of δ for a particular source. Given the considerable variation of each of these three frequencies, the existence of an observational invariant with a clear physical interpretation as a global parameter of the neutron star magnetosphere is an important test of the TO model. Using the results of recent observations of 4U 0614+09, we verify the existence of this invariant and determine the angle δ=15.6d+/-0.5d for this star. The second oscillator in the model deals with both a radial (presumably sound) oscillation and a diffuse process in the viscous layer surrounding the neutron star. Our analysis of the viscous oscillation frequency νV and the break frequency νb of the diffusion shows that the spin value of the inner boundary of the transition layer for 4U 0614+09 is at least 2 times more than the values for 4U 1728-34 and Sco X-1.
Titarchuk, Lev; Osherovich, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/533179
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