We follow the bright, highly energetic afterglow of Swift-discovered GRB 080721 out to 36 days or 3e6 s since the trigger in the optical and X-ray bands. We do not detect a break in the late-time light curve inferring a limit on the opening angle of theta_j >= 7.22 deg and setting tight constraints on the total energy budget of the burst of E_gamma >= 9.88e51 erg within the fireball model. To obey the fireball model closure relations the GRB jet must be expanding into a homogeneous surrounding medium. The energy constraint we derive can be used as observational input for models of the progenitors of long gamma-ray bursts: we discuss how such high collimation-corrected energies could be accommodated with certain parameters of the standard massive star core-collapse models. We can, however, most probably rule out a magnetar progenitor for this GRB which would require 100% efficiency to reach the observed total energy.

Constraining the energy budget of GRB 080721

GUIDORZI, Cristiano;
2009

Abstract

We follow the bright, highly energetic afterglow of Swift-discovered GRB 080721 out to 36 days or 3e6 s since the trigger in the optical and X-ray bands. We do not detect a break in the late-time light curve inferring a limit on the opening angle of theta_j >= 7.22 deg and setting tight constraints on the total energy budget of the burst of E_gamma >= 9.88e51 erg within the fireball model. To obey the fireball model closure relations the GRB jet must be expanding into a homogeneous surrounding medium. The energy constraint we derive can be used as observational input for models of the progenitors of long gamma-ray bursts: we discuss how such high collimation-corrected energies could be accommodated with certain parameters of the standard massive star core-collapse models. We can, however, most probably rule out a magnetar progenitor for this GRB which would require 100% efficiency to reach the observed total energy.
R. L. C., Starling; E., Rol; A. J., van der Horst; Yoon, S.; V., Pal'Shin; C., Ledoux; K. L., Page; J. P. U., Fynbo; K., Wiersema; N. R., Tanvir; P., Jakobsson; Guidorzi, Cristiano; P. A., Curran; A. J., Levan; P. T., O'Brien; J. P., Osborne; D., Svinkin; A., de Ugarte; T., Oosting
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/533072
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