OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the regulation of cardiac apoptosis we studied the dose-response and time-course effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion on ventricular cardiomyocyte apoptosis and on the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 genes and proteins. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In the dose-response study, Ang II was infused subcutaneously at doses of 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1200 ng/kg per min for 14 days. In the time-course study, rats infused with Ang II at doses of 200 and 400 ng/kg per min were followed for 7 and 14 days. The cardiomyocyte apoptotic density was assessed by DNA end labelling (terminal deoxynucleotide nick-end labelling; TUNEL). Gene and protein expression of Bcl-2 and Bax were evaluated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and by Western blots. RESULTS: Systolic blood pressure and left ventricular mass were increased in a dose-dependent manner in Ang II-infused rats. A statistically significant increase in the rate of cardiac apoptosis and pro-apoptotic changes of Bcl-2 and Bax gene and protein expression was observed when high doses of Ang II (800-1200 ng/kg per min) were infused. A positive correlation of apoptotic density with Bax and a negative correlation with Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio were found. Cardiac apoptosis was greatly influenced by the timing of Ang II infusion. Losartan-treated Ang II-infused rats exhibited normalized systolic blood pressure, left ventricular weight, apoptosis, and Bax and Bcl-2 levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are consistent with the pathophysiological role of Ang II in induction of cardiac apoptosis, and explain the cardioprotective effect of Ang II receptor antagonists.

Dose and time-dependent apoptotic effects by angiotensin II infusion on left ventricular cardiomyocytes.

TOFFOLI, Barbara;
2007

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To gain insight into the regulation of cardiac apoptosis we studied the dose-response and time-course effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion on ventricular cardiomyocyte apoptosis and on the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 genes and proteins. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In the dose-response study, Ang II was infused subcutaneously at doses of 100, 200, 400, 800 and 1200 ng/kg per min for 14 days. In the time-course study, rats infused with Ang II at doses of 200 and 400 ng/kg per min were followed for 7 and 14 days. The cardiomyocyte apoptotic density was assessed by DNA end labelling (terminal deoxynucleotide nick-end labelling; TUNEL). Gene and protein expression of Bcl-2 and Bax were evaluated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and by Western blots. RESULTS: Systolic blood pressure and left ventricular mass were increased in a dose-dependent manner in Ang II-infused rats. A statistically significant increase in the rate of cardiac apoptosis and pro-apoptotic changes of Bcl-2 and Bax gene and protein expression was observed when high doses of Ang II (800-1200 ng/kg per min) were infused. A positive correlation of apoptotic density with Bax and a negative correlation with Bcl-2 and Bcl-2/Bax ratio were found. Cardiac apoptosis was greatly influenced by the timing of Ang II infusion. Losartan-treated Ang II-infused rats exhibited normalized systolic blood pressure, left ventricular weight, apoptosis, and Bax and Bcl-2 levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are consistent with the pathophysiological role of Ang II in induction of cardiac apoptosis, and explain the cardioprotective effect of Ang II receptor antagonists.
Fabris, B.; Candido, R.; Bortoletto, M.; Zentilin, L.; Sandri, M.; Fior, F.; Toffoli, Barbara; Stebel, M.; Bardelli, M.; Belgrado, D.; Giacca, M.; Carretta, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/532483
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