This paper is concerned with the use of the ModifiedW¨ ohler Curve Method (MWCM) applied in conjunction with the Theory of Critical Distances (TCD) to estimate fatigue lifetime of mechanical components subjected to multiaxial cyclic loading and experiencing stress concentration phenomena. In more detail, our engineering approach takes as its starting point the idea that accurate estimates can be obtained by simply assuming that the value of the critical length, LM, to be used to evaluate fatigue damage in the medium–cycle multiaxial fatigue regime is a function of the number of cycles to failure,Nf . In other words, the MWCM, which is a bi-parametrical critical plane approach, is suggested here to be applied by directly post-processing the linear-elastic stress state damaging a material point whose distance from the notch tip increases asNf decreases. According to the main feature of the TCD, the above LM versus Nf relationship is assumed to be a material property to be determined experimentally: such an hypothesis results in a great simplification of the fatigue assessment problem because, for a given material, the same critical length can be used to estimate fatigue damage independent of the considered geometrical feature. The accuracy of the devised approach was checked by analysing about 150 experimental results we generated by testing V-notched cylindrical samples made of a commercial cold-rolled low-carbon steel. The above specimens were tested under in-phase and out-of-phase combined tension and torsion, considering the damaging effect of superimposed static stresses as well. Moreover, in order to better check its accuracy in assessing notched components subjected to complex loading paths, our method was also applied to several data sets taken from the literature. This extensive validation exercise allowed us to prove that the MWCM applied along with the TCD is successful in estimating medium-cycle multiaxial fatigue damage (Nf values in the range 104–106), resulting in predictions falling within the widest scatter band between the two used to calibrate the method itself. Such a high accuracy level is very promising, especially in light of the fact that the proposed approach predicts multiaxial fatigue lifetime by post-processing the linear elastic stress fields in the fatigue process zone: this makes our method suitable for being used to assess real components by performing the stress analysis through simple linear-elastic FE models.

The Modified Wo¨ hler Curve Method applied along with the Theory of Critical Distances to estimate finite life of notched components subjected to complex multiaxial loading paths

SUSMEL, Luca;TAYLOR, David
2008

Abstract

This paper is concerned with the use of the ModifiedW¨ ohler Curve Method (MWCM) applied in conjunction with the Theory of Critical Distances (TCD) to estimate fatigue lifetime of mechanical components subjected to multiaxial cyclic loading and experiencing stress concentration phenomena. In more detail, our engineering approach takes as its starting point the idea that accurate estimates can be obtained by simply assuming that the value of the critical length, LM, to be used to evaluate fatigue damage in the medium–cycle multiaxial fatigue regime is a function of the number of cycles to failure,Nf . In other words, the MWCM, which is a bi-parametrical critical plane approach, is suggested here to be applied by directly post-processing the linear-elastic stress state damaging a material point whose distance from the notch tip increases asNf decreases. According to the main feature of the TCD, the above LM versus Nf relationship is assumed to be a material property to be determined experimentally: such an hypothesis results in a great simplification of the fatigue assessment problem because, for a given material, the same critical length can be used to estimate fatigue damage independent of the considered geometrical feature. The accuracy of the devised approach was checked by analysing about 150 experimental results we generated by testing V-notched cylindrical samples made of a commercial cold-rolled low-carbon steel. The above specimens were tested under in-phase and out-of-phase combined tension and torsion, considering the damaging effect of superimposed static stresses as well. Moreover, in order to better check its accuracy in assessing notched components subjected to complex loading paths, our method was also applied to several data sets taken from the literature. This extensive validation exercise allowed us to prove that the MWCM applied along with the TCD is successful in estimating medium-cycle multiaxial fatigue damage (Nf values in the range 104–106), resulting in predictions falling within the widest scatter band between the two used to calibrate the method itself. Such a high accuracy level is very promising, especially in light of the fact that the proposed approach predicts multiaxial fatigue lifetime by post-processing the linear elastic stress fields in the fatigue process zone: this makes our method suitable for being used to assess real components by performing the stress analysis through simple linear-elastic FE models.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/531387
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