A recent study suggested sheep liver 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH) sees the oxidized and reduced cofactor differently [Cervellati, C., Dallocchio, F., Bergamini, C. M., and Cook, P. F. (2005) Biochemistry 44, 2432-2440]. Data were consistent with a rotation into the active site of the nicotinamide ring of NADP upon its reduction, resulting in a displacement of the 1-carboxylate of 3-keto-6PG better positioning it for decarboxylation, and further suggested a role of the cofactor in generating the precatalytic conformation of the enzyme. To further probe the role of the cofactor, multiple isotope effects were measured for the enzyme with mutations of the two residues that directly interact with the nicotinamide ring of NADP+, methionine 13 and glutamate 131. Kinetic and isotope effect data obtained in this study will thus be interpreted in terms of a mechanism that includes the rotation of the nicotinamide ring. The M13V, M13Q, M13C, and E131A mutant enzymes were characterized with respect to their kinetic parameters, deuterium, 13C, multiple deuterium/13C isotope effects, and the kinetics of utilization of 2-deoxy-6PG. Data suggest the position of the nicotinamide ring is important in identifying the open and closed conformations of the enzyme, with the latter optimal for catalysis. The 6PGDH reaction provides an excellent example of the use of substrate binding energy to drive catalysis

Proper Orientation of the Nicotinamide of NADP is Important for the Pre-catalytic Conformational Change in the 6-Phosphogluconate Dehydrogenase Reaction

CERVELLATI, Carlo;GUARIENTO, Angela;DALLOCCHIO, Franco Pasquale Filippo;
2008

Abstract

A recent study suggested sheep liver 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH) sees the oxidized and reduced cofactor differently [Cervellati, C., Dallocchio, F., Bergamini, C. M., and Cook, P. F. (2005) Biochemistry 44, 2432-2440]. Data were consistent with a rotation into the active site of the nicotinamide ring of NADP upon its reduction, resulting in a displacement of the 1-carboxylate of 3-keto-6PG better positioning it for decarboxylation, and further suggested a role of the cofactor in generating the precatalytic conformation of the enzyme. To further probe the role of the cofactor, multiple isotope effects were measured for the enzyme with mutations of the two residues that directly interact with the nicotinamide ring of NADP+, methionine 13 and glutamate 131. Kinetic and isotope effect data obtained in this study will thus be interpreted in terms of a mechanism that includes the rotation of the nicotinamide ring. The M13V, M13Q, M13C, and E131A mutant enzymes were characterized with respect to their kinetic parameters, deuterium, 13C, multiple deuterium/13C isotope effects, and the kinetics of utilization of 2-deoxy-6PG. Data suggest the position of the nicotinamide ring is important in identifying the open and closed conformations of the enzyme, with the latter optimal for catalysis. The 6PGDH reaction provides an excellent example of the use of substrate binding energy to drive catalysis
Cervellati, Carlo; Li, L.; Andi, B.; Guariento, Angela; Dallocchio, Franco Pasquale Filippo; Cook, P. F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/531360
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