The prion protein (PrP) is a Cu2+-binding cell-surface glycoprotein. Using PrP peptide fragments, by means of potentiometric, spectroscopic and thermodynamic techniques, we have shown that Cu2+ ions bind to the region comprising His-96, His-111, and octarepeat domain within residues 60-91, in different modes, which strongly depend both on His position within the peptide sequence and on the adjacent residues. We have used a series of protected oligopeptides having His at the C- or the N-terminus, inducing different binding modes to amide nitrogens around His residue, either towards N- or C-terminus. His imidazole acts as an anchoring site for Cu2+ and then binding to ionized amide nitrogens follows. When it is directed towards the C-terminus the formation of less stable 7-membered chelate ring with {Nim, N-}binding mode occurs. When coordination goes towards the N-terminus the thermodynamically more stable 6-membered chelate ring is formed. NMR data suggest that both the coordination modes are possible for the model peptides; however, the thermodynamic measurements show that they only slightly differ in energy and the influence of the adjacent amino acid residues can address the coordination toward the C- or the N-terminus.

CuII binding sites located at His-96 and His-111 of the human prion protein: thermodynamic and spectroscopic studies on model peptides

GUERRINI, Remo;BACCO, Dimitri;REMELLI, Maurizio;
2008

Abstract

The prion protein (PrP) is a Cu2+-binding cell-surface glycoprotein. Using PrP peptide fragments, by means of potentiometric, spectroscopic and thermodynamic techniques, we have shown that Cu2+ ions bind to the region comprising His-96, His-111, and octarepeat domain within residues 60-91, in different modes, which strongly depend both on His position within the peptide sequence and on the adjacent residues. We have used a series of protected oligopeptides having His at the C- or the N-terminus, inducing different binding modes to amide nitrogens around His residue, either towards N- or C-terminus. His imidazole acts as an anchoring site for Cu2+ and then binding to ionized amide nitrogens follows. When it is directed towards the C-terminus the formation of less stable 7-membered chelate ring with {Nim, N-}binding mode occurs. When coordination goes towards the N-terminus the thermodynamically more stable 6-membered chelate ring is formed. NMR data suggest that both the coordination modes are possible for the model peptides; however, the thermodynamic measurements show that they only slightly differ in energy and the influence of the adjacent amino acid residues can address the coordination toward the C- or the N-terminus.
2008
E., Gralka; D., Valensin; E., Porciatti; C., Gajda; E., Gaggelli; G., Valensin; W., Kamysz; R., Nadolny; Guerrini, Remo; Bacco, Dimitri; Remelli, Maurizio; H., Kozlowski
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/530972
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