In adult females of Bacillus rossius (Insecta Phasmatodea) the germarium, localized at the ovariole tip just below the terminal filament and above the vitellarium, progressively reduces in size and eventually disappears at the end of the ovulatory period. The observations with light and electron microscopes show that in the end-chamber most germ cells are arrested in a post-pachytenic diffuse stage, which just precedes diplotenic oocyte growth. These observations also indicate that the reduction in size of the germarium of ovulating females should probably be ascribed to a progressive and extensive activation of the resting germ cells. The average number of ovulated eggs per ovariole (6.7 +- 0.9) is consistent with this view. However, occasional findings of lepto-zygotenic germ cells in some preovulatory ovarioles of adult females do not completely rule out the persistence of scarce undifferentiated germ elements (oogonia) in the larval germarium at the onset of adult life. Furthermore, the reduction of the germarium in ovulating females and its subsequent disappearance in post-ovulating ones also includes the somatic cells, which are always present among the germ cells in previous stages. Since each early growing oocyte becomes surrounded by a thin monolayer of follicle cells, the diminution of end-chamber somatic cells supports the view that they actually represent prefollicular cells, which are progressively utilized from the onset of imaginal life onwards.

The germarium of panoistic ovarioles of Bacillus rossius (Insecta : Phasmatodea): structure and function during imaginal life

CHICCA, Milvia;
1993

Abstract

In adult females of Bacillus rossius (Insecta Phasmatodea) the germarium, localized at the ovariole tip just below the terminal filament and above the vitellarium, progressively reduces in size and eventually disappears at the end of the ovulatory period. The observations with light and electron microscopes show that in the end-chamber most germ cells are arrested in a post-pachytenic diffuse stage, which just precedes diplotenic oocyte growth. These observations also indicate that the reduction in size of the germarium of ovulating females should probably be ascribed to a progressive and extensive activation of the resting germ cells. The average number of ovulated eggs per ovariole (6.7 +- 0.9) is consistent with this view. However, occasional findings of lepto-zygotenic germ cells in some preovulatory ovarioles of adult females do not completely rule out the persistence of scarce undifferentiated germ elements (oogonia) in the larval germarium at the onset of adult life. Furthermore, the reduction of the germarium in ovulating females and its subsequent disappearance in post-ovulating ones also includes the somatic cells, which are always present among the germ cells in previous stages. Since each early growing oocyte becomes surrounded by a thin monolayer of follicle cells, the diminution of end-chamber somatic cells supports the view that they actually represent prefollicular cells, which are progressively utilized from the onset of imaginal life onwards.
Taddei, C.; Maurizii, M. G.; Chicca, Milvia; Scali, V.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11392/525547
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