The peptide urotensin II (U-II) is the cognate ligand of the G-protein coupled receptor UT (formerly GPR14). A role in the regulation of cardiovascular functions has been proposed for this novel peptide/receptor system. In the present study, we evaluated the ability of U-II to induce plasma extravasation in mice and attempted to characterize the receptor involved using the novel UT receptor ligand, [Orn(8)]U-II. The Evans blue technique was used to quantify plasma extravasation. U-II (0.01, 0.1, 1 and 10 nmol/kg) dose-dependently stimulated plasma extravasation in airways, gastrointestinal and urogenital tract tissues from mice, but not in the skin. In most tissues, the dose/response curves to U-II were bell shaped with the maximal effect induced by 1 nmol/kg. [Orn(8)]U-II at 30 nmol/kg was per se either inactive or produced a non-significant increase in plasma extravasation; in the presence of 30 nmol/kg [Orn(8)]U-II, the effects of 1 nmol/kg U-II were always reduced and, in some tissues, abolished. The present findings demonstrate that U-II promotes plasma extravasation in various mouse vascular regions via activation of UT receptors. The mouse plasma extravasation assay will be a useful tool in future studies aimed at characterizing the pharmacological features of novel UT receptor ligands in vivo.

Urotensin II stimulates plasma extravasation in mice via UT receptor activation.

VERGURA, Raffaella;CAMARDA, Valeria;RIZZI, Anna;SPAGNOL, Martina;GUERRINI, Remo;CALO', Girolamo;SALVADORI, Severo;REGOLI, Domenico
2004

Abstract

The peptide urotensin II (U-II) is the cognate ligand of the G-protein coupled receptor UT (formerly GPR14). A role in the regulation of cardiovascular functions has been proposed for this novel peptide/receptor system. In the present study, we evaluated the ability of U-II to induce plasma extravasation in mice and attempted to characterize the receptor involved using the novel UT receptor ligand, [Orn(8)]U-II. The Evans blue technique was used to quantify plasma extravasation. U-II (0.01, 0.1, 1 and 10 nmol/kg) dose-dependently stimulated plasma extravasation in airways, gastrointestinal and urogenital tract tissues from mice, but not in the skin. In most tissues, the dose/response curves to U-II were bell shaped with the maximal effect induced by 1 nmol/kg. [Orn(8)]U-II at 30 nmol/kg was per se either inactive or produced a non-significant increase in plasma extravasation; in the presence of 30 nmol/kg [Orn(8)]U-II, the effects of 1 nmol/kg U-II were always reduced and, in some tissues, abolished. The present findings demonstrate that U-II promotes plasma extravasation in various mouse vascular regions via activation of UT receptors. The mouse plasma extravasation assay will be a useful tool in future studies aimed at characterizing the pharmacological features of novel UT receptor ligands in vivo.
Vergura, Raffaella; Camarda, Valeria; Rizzi, Anna; Spagnol, Martina; Guerrini, Remo; Calo', Girolamo; Salvadori, Severo; Regoli, Domenico
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11392/524611
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